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Effective clearance of apoptotic cells by macrophages is essential for immune homeostasis. The transcriptional pathways that allow macrophages to sense and respond to apoptotic cells are poorly defined. We found that liver X receptor (LXR) signaling was important for both apoptotic cell clearance and the maintenance of immune tolerance. Apoptotic cell(More)
European Directive 2013/39/EU records mercury as a priority hazardous substance. Regulation n° 2008/1102/EC banned the exportation of mercury and required the safe storage of any remaining mercury compounds. The present work describes the encapsulation of three wastes containing combinations of HgS, HgSe, HgCl2, HgO2, Hg3Se2Cl2, HgO and Hg(0), according to(More)
The contribution of central serotonergic pathways to the analgesic activity induced by salmon calcitonin in the writhing test was investigated. Salmon calcitonin was administered to mice after lesioning of the ascending and descending serotonergic pathways by means of i.p. administration of p-chloroamphetamine (40 mg/kg, for 2 days) or p-chlorophenylalanine(More)
Macrophages are professional phagocytic cells that orchestrate innate immune responses and have considerable phenotypic diversity at different anatomical locations. However, the mechanisms that control the heterogeneity of tissue macrophages are not well characterized. Here we found that the nuclear receptor LXRα was essential for the differentiation of(More)
The liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that have been implicated in lipid metabolism and inflammation. LXRs also inhibit the expression of inflammatory genes in macrophages, including inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Some of these actions are mediated through LXR antagonism of NF-kappaB activity. The potential for(More)
Estrogens are recognized regulators of the expression of neurohypophyseal hormones and of anterior pituitary prolactin (PRL). Here we have investigated whether the levels of PRL mRNA and of 23 and 14 kDa PRL variants present in the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system change during the estrous cycle or in response to estrogen treatment. The reverse(More)
The production of phosphoric acid from natural phosphate rock by the wet process gives rise to an industrial by-product called phosphogypsum (PG). About 5 tons of PG are generated per ton of phosphoric acid production, and worldwide PG generation is estimated to be around 100-280 Mt per year. This by-product is mostly disposed of without any treatment,(More)
The transport of chromium(VI) from hydrochloric acid medium by pseudoemulsion membrane strip dispersion (PEMSD), using CYPHOS IL101 (phosphonium salt) as ionophore, is investigated under various experimental variables in the feed phase [hydrodynamic conditions, concentration of Cr(VI) (0.01-1 g/L), concentration of HCl (0.01-1M)], in the organic phase(More)
The recent European Directive on waste, 2008/98/EC seeks to reduce the exploitation of natural resources through the use of secondary resource management. Thus the main objective of this study was to explore how a waste could cease to be considered as waste and could be utilized for a specific purpose. In this way, a hazardous waste from the tertiary(More)
1. Nimodipine, diltiazem and BAY K 8644 decreased the incidence of wet dog shakes, teeth chattering, grooming and diarrhoea to a similar degree of clonidine. 2. Nimodipine, diltiazem and BAY K 8644 had no effect on changes in the serotonin metabolism induced by naloxone precipitated abstinence syndrome. 3. Clonidine decreased the ratio of serotonin turnover(More)