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We analyze evolutionary relationships among members of the family Trypanosomatidae, with particular emphasis on whether protein coding genes support paraphyly of the genus Trypanosoma. Phylogenetic reconstruction based on three different protein coding genes (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, trypanothione reductase, and alpha-tubulin) suggests that(More)
C-banded karyotypes, DNA content and the male meiiotic process of Triatoma platensis and Triatoma delpontei are compared with those of Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease in South America. These three species present the same diploid chromosome number 2n = 22 (20 autosomes + XX male/XY female). They also have several cytogenetic traits(More)
TheSolenopsis invicta trail pheromone is synthesized by the Dufour's gland and is released through the sting apparatus. The recruitment subcategory of theS. invicta trail pheromone was shown to be composed of a mixture of the orientation pheromone, (Z,E)-α-farnesene and an unidentified homosesquiterpene consisting of three rings and one double bond (C-1).(More)
Owing to the lack of data about thymic non-lymphoid cells in fish we decided to perform a histochemical characterization of these cells in order to ascertain their relationships to other thymic components. In the present study we analyze the enzyme-histochemical patterns for acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, non-specific sigma-naphthyl acetate(More)
Citrate utilization by several homo- and heterofermentative lactobacilli was determined in Kempler and McKay and in calcium citrate media. The last medium with glucose permitted best to distinguish citrate-fermenting lactobacilli. Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 11443, Lactobacillus zeae ATCC 15820 and Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 8014 used citrate as sole(More)
The number of circulating leukocytes and the structure of splenic and renal lymphoid tissue were comparatively analysed in healthy and Saprolegnia-infected wild brown trout, Salmo trutta fario. Sick trout showed lymphopenia, mainly due to decreased numbers of circulating small lymphocytes, and heterophilia. The splenic and renal lymphoid tissue of infected(More)
A comparative analysis was made of the thymic cytoarchitecture of healthy and Saprolegnia-infected wild brown trout. In Saprolegnia-infected fish, even when the thymus was not invaded by fungal hyphae, the thymic architecture was lost without signs of regionalization. Intercellular oedema, some thymocytes, hypertrophic and degenerated epithelial cells and(More)
The renal insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of renal hypertrophy, altered hemodynamics, and extracellular matrix expansion associated with early diabetes. The relative abundance of IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the renal microenvironment may modulate IGF-I actions. However, the precise IGFBPs expressed in(More)
In this study we analyze and compare the trends in codon usage in five representative species of kinetoplastid protozoans (Crithidia fasciculata, Leishmania donovani, L. major, Trypanosoma cruzi and T. brucei), with the purpose of investigating the processes underlying these trends. A principal component analysis shows that the G+C content at the third(More)