Félix Álvarez

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We analyze evolutionary relationships among members of the family Trypanosomatidae, with particular emphasis on whether protein coding genes support paraphyly of the genus Trypanosoma. Phylogenetic reconstruction based on three different protein coding genes (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, trypanothione reductase, and alpha-tubulin) suggests that(More)
Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 7469 exhibited diauxie when grown in a medium containing both glucose and citrate as energy source. Glucose was used as the primary energy source during the glucose-citrate diauxie. Uptake of citrate was carried out by an inducible citrate transport system. The induction of citrate uptake system was repressed in the presence of(More)
Owing to the lack of data about thymic non-lymphoid cells in fish we decided to perform a histochemical characterization of these cells in order to ascertain their relationships to other thymic components. In the present study we analyze the enzyme-histochemical patterns for acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, non-specific sigma-naphthyl acetate(More)
Despite of recent advances on acknowledge of hepatitis B virus (HBV) structure and biology, little is known about the morphogenesis and release of virions. In this study, the ultrastructural analysis of HBV components in liver biopsies from chronically HBV-infected patients disclosed complex assembly and morphogenesis pathways for HBV. HBV core (HBcAg) and(More)
In this study, 13 samples of liver biopsies from patients with chronic hepatitis C were studied by transmission electron microscopy (EM) and immunoelectron microscopy (IEM). The 13 biopsies showed ultrastructural cell damage typical of acute viral hepatitis. In four of the 13 liver biopsies enveloped virus-like particles (VLPs) inside cytoplasmic vesicles(More)
A comparative analysis was made of the thymic cytoarchitecture of healthy and Saprolegnia-infected wild brown trout. In Saprolegnia-infected fish, even when the thymus was not invaded by fungal hyphae, the thymic architecture was lost without signs of regionalization. Intercellular oedema, some thymocytes, hypertrophic and degenerated epithelial cells and(More)
The renal insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of renal hypertrophy, altered hemodynamics, and extracellular matrix expansion associated with early diabetes. The relative abundance of IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the renal microenvironment may modulate IGF-I actions. However, the precise IGFBPs expressed in(More)
Citrate utilization by several homo- and heterofermentative lactobacilli was determined in Kempler and McKay and in calcium citrate media. The last medium with glucose permitted best to distinguish citrate-fermenting lactobacilli. Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 11443, Lactobacillus zeae ATCC 15820 and Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 8014 used citrate as sole(More)
The number of circulating leukocytes and the structure of splenic and renal lymphoid tissue were comparatively analysed in healthy and Saprolegnia-infected wild brown trout, Salmo trutta fario. Sick trout showed lymphopenia, mainly due to decreased numbers of circulating small lymphocytes, and heterophilia. The splenic and renal lymphoid tissue of infected(More)