Fãtima Martel

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Renal secretion of organic cations involves at least two distinct transporters, located in the basolateral and apical membranes of proximal tubule cells. Whereas the basolateral transporter has recently been cloned, sequence information about the apical type was not yet available. An organic cation transporter, OCT2p, was cloned from LLC-PK1 cells, a(More)
The kidneys and the liver are the principal organs for the inactivation of circulating organic cations. Recently, an organic cation transporter (OCT1) has been cloned from rat kidney. In order to answer the question whether OCT1 is involved also in hepatic uptake of organic cations, the pharmacological characteristics of organic cation transport in(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most fatal and the third most diagnosed type of cancer worldwide. Despite having multifactorial causes, most CRC cases are mainly determined by dietary factors. In recent years, a large number of studies have attributed a protective effect to polyphenols and foods containing these compounds (fruits and vegetables)(More)
The recent cloning of renal transport systems for organic anions and cations (OAT1, OCT1, and OCT2) opened the possibility to search, via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) homology screening, for novel transport proteins. Two integral membrane proteins, UST1 and UST2, were cloned from rat kidney. RT-PCR revealed that UST1 is confined to the kidney whereas(More)
From studies on sympathetically innervated peripheral tissues it is well known that both neuronal and non-neuronal transport systems contribute to the inactivation of released monoamine transmitters. The close proximity between synapses and glia cell processes in the CNS leads to the so far unresolved question whether non-neuronal transporters are involved(More)
The aim of this work was to characterise the intestinal absorption of organic cations, by testing the possibility of involvement of known members of the amphiphilic solute facilitator (ASF) family in this process. For that purpose, the characteristics of the uptake of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium, a model organic cation, at the brush-border membrane of(More)
The relative hepatoprotection effect of fifteen sesquiterpenoids, commonly found in plants and plant-derived foods and beverages was assessed. Endogenous lipid peroxidation (assay A) and induced lipid peroxidation (assay B) were evaluated in liver homogenates from Wistar rats by the thiobarbituric acid reactive species test. Sesquiterpenoids with different(More)
Several transmembrane transporters of organic compounds are regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation mechanisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible regulation of the human extraneuronal monoamine transporter, hEMT, by these mechanisms. The experiments were performed using HEK293 cells stably transfected with pcDNA3hEMT (293hEMT).(More)
Serotonin plays important physiological functions at the intestinal level. However, nothing is known concerning its inactivation mechanisms in the human intestine. So, the aim of this work was to characterize the uptake of serotonin at the apical and basolateral membranes of human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells. Uptake of [3H]serotonin at the apical(More)
Folic acid (FA) is an essential micronutrient that is particularly important during pregnancy for normal placental and fetal development and growth. The placenta and the fetus become frequently exposed to drugs of abuse such as cannabinoids because of maternal use of these substances. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of cannabinoids on(More)