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| In this paper, we propose a new approach to vision-based robot control, called 2 1/2 D visual servoing, which avoids the respective drawbacks of classical position-based and image-based visual servoing. Contrary to the position-based visual servoing, our scheme does not need any geometric 3D model of the object. Furthermore and contrary to image-based(More)
The objective of this paper is to propose a new homography-based approach to image-based visual tracking and servoing. The visual tracking algorithm proposed in the paper is based on a new efficient second-order minimization method. Theoretical analysis and comparative experiments with other tracking approaches show that the proposed method has a higher(More)
  • Ezio Malis
  • 2004
In this paper, several vision-based robot control methods are classified following an analogy with well known minimization methods. Comparing the rate of convergence between minimization algorithms helps us to understand the difference of performance of the control schemes. In particular, it is shown that standard vision-based control methods have in(More)
The tracking algorithm presented in this paper is based on minimizing the sum-of-squared-difference between a given template and the current image. Theoretically, amongst all standard minimization algorithms, the Newton method has the highest local convergence rate since it is based on a second-order Taylor series of the sum-of-squared-differences. However,(More)
This article investigates the use of time-of-flight (ToF) cameras in mapping tasks for autonomous mobile robots, in particular in simultaneous localization and mapping May et al.: 3D Mapping with Time-of-Flight Cameras • 935 (SLAM) tasks. Although ToF cameras are in principle an attractive type of sensor for three-dimensional (3D) mapping owing to their(More)
This paper describes a new image-based approach to tracking the 6DOF trajectory of a stereo camera pair using a corresponding reference image pairs instead of explicit 3D feature reconstruction of the scene. A dense minimisation approach is employed which directly uses all grey-scale information available within the stereo pair (or stereo region) leading to(More)
In this paper, we investigate how to improve the robustness of visual tracking methods with respect to generic lighting changes. We propose a new approach to the direct image alignment of either Lambertian or non-Lambertian objects under shadows, inter-reflections, glints as well as ambient, diffuse and specular reflections which may vary in power, type,(More)
— This paper describes a new image-based approach to tracking the 6 degrees of freedom trajec-tory of a stereo camera pair using a corresponding reference image pair whilst simultaneously determining pixel matching between consecutive images in a sequence. A dense minimisation approach is employed which directly uses all grey-scale information available(More)
The displacement of a calibrated camera between two images of a planar object can be estimated by decomposing a homography matrix. The aim of this document is to propose a new method for solving the homography decomposition problem. This new method provides analytical expressions for the solutions of the problem, instead of the traditional numerical(More)