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BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a frequent syndrome (30% prevalence), characterized by acute decompensation of cirrhosis, organ failure(s) and high short-term mortality. This study develops and validates a specific prognostic score for ACLF patients. METHODS Data from 1349 patients included in the CANONIC study were used. First,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria are widely used in nephrology, but information on cirrhosis is limited. We aimed at evaluating the AKIN criteria and their relationship with the cause of kidney impairment and survival. METHODS We performed a prospective study of 375 consecutive patients hospitalized for complications of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Terlipressin and albumin is the standard of care for classical type-1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) not associated with active infections. However, there is no information on efficacy and safety of this treatment in patients with type-1 HRS associated with sepsis. Study aim was to investigate the effects of early treatment with terlipressin(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hyponatremia is common in patients with cirrhosis and ascites and is associated with significant neurological disturbances. However, its potential effect on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in cirrhosis has not been investigated. We aimed at assessing the relationship between serum sodium concentration and other clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Impairment of kidney function is common in cirrhosis but differential diagnosis remains a challenge. We aimed at assessing the usefulness of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a biomarker of tubular damage, in the differential diagnosis of impairment of kidney function in cirrhosis. METHODS Two-hundred and forty-one(More)
UNLABELLED Type-1 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a common complication of bacterial infections in cirrhosis, but its natural history remains undefined. To assess the outcome of kidney function and survival of patients with type-1 HRS associated with infections, 70 patients diagnosed during a 6-year period were evaluated prospectively. Main outcomes were no(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infections in cirrhosis are frequently complicated by kidney dysfunction that entails a poor prognosis. Urinary biomarkers may be of potential clinical usefulness in this setting. We aimed at assessing the value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), a biomarker overexpressed in kidney tubules during kidney injury,(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyponatremia is a marker of poor prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. This analysis aimed to assess if hyponatremia also has prognostic value in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), a syndrome characterized by acute decompensation of cirrhosis, organ failure(s) and high short-term mortality. METHODS We performed an analysis(More)
A study is made of 58 cases of burns produced in the mouth by electricity in which the authors assess the possible advantages and disadvantages of three kinds of treatment: conservative, surgical after debridement and early of primary surgical. The different kinds of treatment are considered to be suitable, depending upon the type of lesion. In the slight(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers are potentially useful in assessment of outcomes in patients with cirrhosis, but information is very limited. Given the large number of biomarkers, adequate choice of which biomarker(s) to investigate first is important. AIM Analysis of potential usefulness of a panel of urinary biomarkers in outcome assessment in cirrhosis. (More)