Eystein Sverre Husebye

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The pheochromocytomas are an important cause of secondary hypertension. Although pheochromocytoma susceptibility may be associated with germline mutations in the tumor-suppressor genes VHL and NF1 and in the proto-oncogene RET, the genetic basis for most cases of nonsyndromic familial pheochromocytoma is unknown. Recently, pheochromocytoma susceptibility(More)
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is frequently associated with T cell immunodeficiencies. Specifically, the proinflammatory IL-17A-producing Th17 subset is implicated in protection against fungi at epithelial surfaces. In autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy (APECED, or autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome 1), CMC is often the(More)
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS-I) is a monogenic model disease of autoimmunity. Its hallmarks are chronic mucocutaneous candidosis, hypoparathyroidism and adrenal insufficiency, but many other autoimmune disease components occur less frequently. The first components usually appear in childhood, but may be delayed to adolescence or early adult(More)
BACKGROUND The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene influences thymic self-tolerance induction. In autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome type 1 (APS1; OMIM 240300), recessive AIRE mutations lead to autoimmunity targetting endocrine and other epithelial tissues, although chronic candidiasis usually appears first. Autoimmunity and chronic candidiasis can(More)
OBJECTIVE This clinical practice guideline addresses the diagnosis and treatment of primary adrenal insufficiency. PARTICIPANTS The Task Force included a chair, selected by The Clinical Guidelines Subcommittee of the Endocrine Society, eight additional clinicians experienced with the disease, a methodologist, and a medical writer. The co-sponsoring(More)
Variants in the gene encoding NACHT leucine-rich-repeat protein 1 (NALP1), an important molecule in innate immunity, have recently been shown to confer risk for vitiligo and associated autoimmunity. We hypothesized that sequence variants in this gene may be involved in susceptibility to a wider spectrum of autoimmune diseases. Investigating large patient(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is an autosomal recessive disorder with both endocrine and non-endocrine features. Periodic gastrointestinal dysfunction occurs in 25-30% of APS1 patients. We aimed to identify an intestinal autoantigen. METHODS A human duodenal cDNA library was immunoscreened with serum samples from APS1(More)
CONTEXT Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is a childhood-onset monogenic disorder caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene, including the distinctive R139X in Sardinia. Its rarity and great variability in manifestations/onset ages make early diagnosis difficult. To date, very few longitudinal studies of APS1 patients have(More)
Autoimmune destruction of the adrenal cortex is the most common cause of primary adrenocortical insufficiency (Addison's disease) in industrialized countries. We have investigated a large Norwegian cohort of patients with Addison's disease in terms of clinical manifestations, autoantibodies, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II haplotypes. The study(More)
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder that is often associated with autoimmune syndromes. Despite the connection between ILD and autoimmunity, it remains unclear whether ILD can develop from an autoimmune response that specifically targets the lung parenchyma. We examined a severe form of autoimmune disease, autoimmune(More)