Ewald Roessl

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After passage through matter, the energy spectrum of a polychromatic beam of x-rays contains valuable information about the elemental composition of the absorber. Conventional x-ray systems or x-ray computed tomography (CT) systems, equipped with scintillator detectors operated in the integrating mode, are largely insensitive to this type of spectral(More)
Theoretical considerations predicted the feasibility of K-edge x-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging using energy discriminating detectors with more than two energy bins. This technique enables material-specific imaging in CT, which in combination with high-Z element based contrast agents, opens up possibilities for new medical applications. In this paper,(More)
We present an analytical method to compute the basis image noise in the context of multi-energy x-ray imaging based on the Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRLB). The proposed formalism extends the original idea of Alvarez and Macovski (1976 Phys. Med. Biol. 21 733) to estimate the noise in the photo-effect and Compton-effect basis images in the case of dual-energy(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the potential of spectral computed tomography (CT) (popularly referred to as multicolor CT), used in combination with a gold high-density lipoprotein nanoparticle contrast agent (Au-HDL), for characterization of macrophage burden, calcification, and stenosis of atherosclerotic plaques. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local animal care(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether spectral computed tomography (CT) has the potential to improve luminal depiction by differentiating among intravascular gadolinium-based contrast agent, calcified plaque, and stent material by using the characteristic k edge of gadolinium. A preclinical spectral CT scanner with a photon-counting detector(More)
Photon-counting detector technology has enabled the first experimental investigations of energy-resolved computed tomography (CT) imaging and the potential use for K-edge imaging. However, limitations in regards to detecter technology have been imposing a limit to effective count rates. As a consequence, this has resulted in high noise levels in the(More)
Recent developments in spectral CT systems featuring binned photon-counting detector technology have enabled an imaging concept on a pre-clinical level that has been coined K-edge imaging. This exciting concept allows the selective and quantitative imaging of contrast media by exploiting the K-edge discontinuity in the photo-electric component of X-ray(More)
OBJECTIVES Phase-contrast and scattering-based x-ray imaging are known to provide additional and complementary information to conventional, absorption-based methods, and therefore have the potential to play a crucial role in medical diagnostics. We report on the first mammographic investigation of 5 native, that is, freshly dissected, breasts carried out(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the capability of spectral computed tomography (CT) to improve the characterization of cystic high-attenuation lesions in a renal phantom and to test the hypothesis that spectral CT will improve the differentiation of cystic renal lesions with high protein content and those that have undergone hemorrhage or malignant contrast-enhancing(More)