Ewa Zimnoch-Guzowska

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Despite the long history of breeding potatoes resistant to Phytophthora infestans, this oomycete is still economically the most important pathogen of potato worldwide. The correlation of high levels of resistance to late blight with a long vegetation period is one of the bottlenecks for progress in breeding resistant cultivars of various maturity types.(More)
Solanum ×  michoacanum (Bitter.) Rydb. is a diploid, 1 EBN (Endosperm Balance Number) nothospecies, a relative of potato originating from the area of Morelia in Michoacán State of Mexico that is believed to be a natural hybrid of S. bulbocastanum × S. pinnatisectum. Both parental species and S. michoacanum have been described as sources of resistance to(More)
Phytophthora infestans resistant somatic hybrids of S. × michoacanum (+) S. tuberosum and autofused 4 x S. × michoacanum were obtained. Our material is promising to introgress resistance from S. × michoacanum into cultivated potato background. Solanum × michoacanum (Bitter.) Rydb. (mch) is a wild diploid (2n = 2x = 24) potato species derived from(More)
A total of 93 single-lesion isolates of Phytophthora infestans were collected from late blight diseased potatoes grown in several locations in Poland, in the years 2002–2004. They were tested for mating type, virulence, aggressiveness and metalaxyl resistance. Sixty one percent of the isolates was of the A1 and 39% of the A2 mating type. Regarding(More)
Resistance to Potato virus Y (PVY) is one of the most important traits in seed and ware potato production. Currently the tobacco-necrosis inducing PVYN strain including PVYN-Wi and PVYNTN dominates in the PVY population in Poland. The PVYO strain which dominated in early 1980s is rarely detected. Since early 1950s, breeding for PVY resistance in IHAR was a(More)
Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary, the causal organism of late blight, is economically the most important pathogen of potato and resistance against it has been one of the primary goals of potato breeding. Some potentially durable, broad-spectrum resistance genes against this disease have been described recently. However, to obtain durable resistance in(More)
Available information has been reviewed on tuber resistance toP. infestans, its inheritance and breeding procedures used to obtain potato cultivars superior in this character. P. infestans is worldwide the most destructive potato pathogen. Tuber resistance is an essential component of potato resistance as this pathogen is often responsible for tuber rot in(More)
Phytophthora infestans causes an economically important disease of potato called late blight. The epidemic is controlled chemically but resistant potatoes can become an environment-friendly and financially justified alternative solution. The use of diploid Solanum tuberosum derived from European tetraploid cultivars enabled the introgression of novel genes(More)
Soft rot of potato tubers, caused byErwinia (Pectobacterium), is a serious disease affecting potato crops during storage. Studies on the inheritance of resistance to tuber soft rot were undertaken on diploid potato hybrids. A total of 480 clones, derived from 12 families, were examined for resistance to soft rot in laboratory tests over 3 years and for(More)
Somatic hybrids between the cultivated potato diploid hybrid clone, ZEL-1136, and hexaploid non-tuber-bearing wild species Solanum nigrum L. exhibiting resistance to Phytophthora infestans were regenerated after PEG-mediated fusion of mesophyll protoplasts. The objective was to transfer the late-blight resistance genes from the wild species into plants of(More)