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The isomorphous structures of the hirugen (N-acetylhirudin 53'-64' with sulfato-Tyr63') and hirulog 1 (D-Phe-Pro-Arg-Pro-(Gly)4 desulfato-Tyr63'-hirugen) complexes of human alpha-thrombin have been determined and refined at 2.2 A resolution to crystallographic R-factors of 0.167 and 0.163, respectively. The binding of hirugen to thrombin is similar to that(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a minimally invasive form of treatment for organ-confined prostate cancer, for although there are several therapies, ablative treatments are associated with significant morbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using the photosensitizer tin etiopurpurin, dogs were treated with interstitially placed(More)
Fruits, vegetables, spices and a variety of teas are suggested for the prevention of many diseases. They encompass active, non-nutritional ingredients called nutraceuticals which are defined as food products that provide health benefits. Many nutraceuticals have been tested to identify inhibitors of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1). PAI-1 is the(More)
Soybean lipoxygenase isoenzyme L3 represents a second example (after L1) of the X-ray structure (R = 17% at 2.6 A resolution) for a member of the large family of lipoxygenases. L1 and L3 have different characteristics in catalysis, although they share 72% sequence identity (the changes impact 255 amino acids) and similar folding (average C alpha rms(More)
Many lipoxygenase inhibitors including curcumin are currently being studied for their anti-carcinogenic properties. Curcumin is a naturally occurring polyphenolic phytochemical isolated from the powdered rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa that possesses anti-inflammatory properties and inhibits cancer formation in mice. Recently it was shown that the(More)
Eicosanoids, which originate from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), have a major impact on homeostasis maintenance as secondary signal transducers. Signal cascade, which includes reception, processing and signal transduction coming from the environment into the cell, determines the type of response evoked. Signal distortion may take place on every level(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that the clinical incidence of prostate cancer varies by geographical area. When individuals move from low to high prostate cancer incidence areas, the risk of developing cancer increases to the level observed in the indigenous population. It was hypothesized that this observation is related to diet or more specifically to(More)
Human platelet 12-lipoxygenase (hp-12LOX, 662 residues+iron nonheme cofactor) and its major metabolite 12S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid have been implicated in cardiovascular and renal diseases, many types of cancer and inflammatory responses. However, drug development is slow due to a lack of structural information. The major hurdle in obtaining a(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type one (PAI-1) is involved in many biological processes, and depending on a disease its overexpression, deficiency or normal level can sometimes produce surprising outcomes. This paper reviews low, high, and normal levels of PAI-1 in relation to diseases, their incidents, and possible treatment. Also, a role of PAI-1 in(More)