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Oxidation of low density lipoproteins is an initial step of atherogenesis that generates pro-inflammatory phospholipids, including platelet-activating factor (PAF) and its analogs. PAF is degraded by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), a circulating enzyme having both pro- and anti-inflammatory activities. PAF-AH activity has been postulated to be a risk factor(More)
Atherosclerosis as a chronic inflammatory disease resulting from the imbalance of the pro- and anti-inflammatory factors in the vessel wall. PAF and PAF-like oxidized phospholipids generated upon LDL oxidation in the intima of the arteries may interact with infiltrated monocytes/macrophages and lead to the alteration of gene expression patterns accompanied(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis is characterized by an early inflammatory response involving proinflammatory mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like phospholipids, which are inactivated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). The effect of adenovirus-mediated expression of PAF-AH on injury-induced neointima formation and spontaneous atherosclerosis was(More)
BACKGROUND Weight loss in obese insulin-resistant but not in insulin-sensitive persons reduces coronary heart disease risk. To what extent changes in gene expression are related to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular function is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of diet restriction-induced weight loss on gene expression in the adipose(More)
OBJECTIVE Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) expresses a Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 activity and hydrolyzes platelet-activating factor as well as oxidized phospholipids. Two major types of PAF-AH have been described: the plasma type, which is associated with lipoproteins, and the intracellular type II PAF-AH. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
Lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) modulates low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation by hydrolysing oxidised phospholipids present on particle surfaces. We investigated whether Lp-PLA2 activity and PLA2G7 A379V genotype were related to mediators of atherosclerosis in a diabetic study. Plasma Lp-PLA2 activity (taken in men only) and A379V(More)
BACKGROUND Higher lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2)(Lp-PLA2) activity is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), making Lp-PLA2 a potential therapeutic target. PLA2G7 variants associated with Lp-PLA2 activity could evaluate whether this relationship is causal. METHODS AND RESULTS A meta-analysis including a total of 12(More)
In our preceding studies we have identified microsatellite polymorphisms inside the PSMA6 gene and in its 5' upstream region. Following the observed associations of microsatellite polymorphisms with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and Graves' disease we extended the evaluation of PSMA6 genetic variations to cardiovascular disorders and non-insulin(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an important inflammatory component to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is therefore interesting that the risk of CVD is high in inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we investigated nontraditional risk factors for the development of CVD in patients with SLE. METHODS(More)
Human polymorphonuclear neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes were studied for their ability to synthesize Paf-acether when stimulated with the ionophore A 23187 (Io) or with specific secretagogues. When stimulated with Io, neutrophils produced 100 +/- 8.5 pmol Paf-acether 1 X 10(6) cells (mean +/- 1 SD, n = 5); monocytes were less efficient (44 +/- 3.3(More)