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IbpA/B, 16 kDa heat-shock proteins were recently described as recognizing heterologous protein inclusion bodies in Escherichia coli cells; the corresponding genes formed an operon regulated by the rpoH gene product, sigma 32 protein (Burland et al (1993) Genomics 16, 551; Allen et al (1992) J Bacteriol 174, 6938; Chuang et al (1993) Gene 134, 1; Chuang and(More)
The small heat-shock proteins IbpA/B are molecular chaperones that bind denatured proteins and facilitate their subsequent refolding by the ATP-dependent chaperones DnaK, DnaJ, GrpE and ClpB. In this report, we demonstrate that IbpA/B participate in the defence against copper-induced stress under aerobic conditions. In the presence of oxygen, DeltaibpA/B(More)
Thermally aggregated, endogenous proteins of Escherichia coli form a distinct fraction, denoted S, which is separable by sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation. It was shown earlier that DnaK, DnaJ, IbpA and IbpB heat-shock proteins are associated with the S fraction. Comparison of the rise and decay of the S fraction in mutants defective for heat-shock(More)
The roles of the Escherichia coli IbpA and IbpB chaperones in protection of heat-denatured proteins against irreversible aggregation in vivo were investigated. Overproduction of IbpA and IbpB resulted in stabilization of the denatured and reversibly aggregated proteins (the S fraction), which could be isolated from E. coli cells by sucrose gradient(More)
Persister cells (persisters) are transiently tolerant to antibiotics and usually constitute a small part of bacterial populations. Persisters remain dormant but are able to re-grow after antibiotic treatment. In this study we found that the frequency of persisters correlated to the level of protein aggregates accumulated in E. coli stationary-phase(More)
The small heat shock proteins are ubiquitous stress proteins proposed to increase cellular tolerance to heat shock conditions. We isolated IbpA, the Escherichia coli small heat shock protein, and tested its ability to keep thermally inactivated substrate proteins in a disaggregation competent state. We found that the presence of IbpA alone during substrate(More)
Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) belong to molecular chaperones, which protect prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells against deleterious effects, of stress. sHsps prevent stress induced, irreversible aggregation of damaged proteins and facilitate renaturation of bound substrates cooperating with other molecular chaperones. This review summarizes recent studies(More)
Heat shock induces protein aggregation in Escherichia coli and E. coli (lambda cl857). The aggregates (S fraction) appear 15 min post-induction and are separable from membranes by sucrose density-gradient centrifugation. The S fraction quickly disappears in wild type strains but persists in rpoH mutant with concomitant quick inner membrane destruction. We(More)
The IbpA and IbpB are 16-kDa Escherichia coli proteins belonging to a family of small heat-shock proteins (sHsps). According to the present model, based on the in vitro experiments, sHsps are molecular chaperones that bind and prevent aggregation of nonnative proteins during heat shock. Previously, we have shown that IbpA and IbpB bind to endogenous E. coli(More)
In natural environments, bacteria are often challenged by nutrient starvation and other stresses. As a consequence, cell growth is arrested and bacteria enter stationary phase. In this report, we demonstrate that during stationary phase, Escherichia coli cells accumulate aggregates of misfolded proteins and complexes of Dps (starvation-induced protein) with(More)