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INTRODUCTION Little is known about the incidence and symptomatology of pineal cysts in children. Until now, the proper management of this group of patients has not been established. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical features of pineal cysts in children and adolescents and to try to find guidelines for their(More)
In 135 children (aged 3 months to 15 years) with structural defects of the central nervous system found on magnetic resonance imaging, agenesis of the corpus callosum was evident in 7. The etiology of agenesis of the corpus callosum has been established in four children: partial trisomy of chromosome 13, partial duplication of the long arm of chromosome 10,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was a comparison of the outcomes of intrauterine myelomeningocele (MMC) repairs (IUMR) in type II Chiari malformation (II CM) fetuses with clinical data of newborns and infants operated on postnatally. METHODS The study group (SG) comprised 46 pregnant women whose type II CM children underwent IUMR, while 47 pregnant women(More)
The aim of our work was to evaluate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of normal brain over a wide age range and in different cerebral structures, including the white and grey matter. A population of 89 subjects (39 male, 50 female, age range: 3-69 years) was divided into age groups designated as 1-7 as follows: 3-9; 10-19; 20-29; 30-39; 40-49;(More)
Authors report two cases of benign, osteogenic neoplasms of the maxilla in children which defined as cemento-ossifying fibroma and juvenile cemento-ossifying fibroma. Difficulty in diagnosis of the tumor is indicated. The importance of clinical data as well as radiology and histopathology examination for a proper diagnosis is indicated. Review of literature(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to assess the vestibulo-cochlear organ in patients meeting radiologic criteria of vascular compression syndrome (VCS) of the eighth cranial nerve. MATERIAL/METHODS The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 34 patients (18 women, 16 men; mean age, 49 years) treated in between 2000 and 2007, with VCS of the eighth(More)
INTRODUCTION Toxocarosis is a consequence of human infection by Toxocara canis larvae. There are symptomatic (visceral, ocular) and asymptomatic courses of toxocarosis. The cerebral form is very rare. CASE REPORT We present a seven-year-old patient who developed a cerebral form of toxocarosis. She demonstrated focal neurological symptoms (epilepsy)(More)
BACKGROUND CURRENTLY, A FEW IMAGING METHODS ARE USED IN CNS DIAGNOSTICS: computed tomography - CT, magnetic resonance imaging - MRI, and ultrasonography - USG. The ventricular system changes its dimensions with child's development. Linear indices commonly used in the diagnostics of hydrocephalus do not consider developmental changes of the intracranial(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate preoperative assessment of the perianal fistulous tract is the main purpose of the diagnostics and to a large extend determines surgery effectiveness. One of the useful diagnostic methods in perianal fistulas is magnetic resonance imaging. The authors presented experiences in the application of MRI fistulography for evaluation of cases(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease with not well understood etiology. Recently, a possible association of MS with compromised venous outflow from the brain and spinal cord has been studied (chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency - CCSVI). Angioplasties of internal jugular veins (IJV) and azygous vein (AV) have given promising(More)