Ewa Grabowska

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Exome sequencing of 343 families, each with a single child on the autism spectrum and at least one unaffected sibling, reveal de novo small indels and point substitutions, which come mostly from the paternal line in an age-dependent manner. We do not see significantly greater numbers of de novo missense mutations in affected versus unaffected children, but(More)
Whole exome sequencing has proven to be a powerful tool for understanding the genetic architecture of human disease. Here we apply it to more than 2,500 simplex families, each having a child with an autistic spectrum disorder. By comparing affected to unaffected siblings, we show that 13% of de novo missense mutations and 43% of de novo likely(More)
A single founder allele of the CHEK2 gene has been associated with predisposition to breast and prostate cancer in North America and Europe. The CHEK2 protein participates in the DNA damage response in many cell types and is therefore a good candidate for a multisite cancer susceptibility gene. Three founder alleles are present in Poland. Two of these(More)
Several predispositions to colorectal cancer have been identified, but little is known about genetic susceptibilities to disease in older persons. Colorectal cancer is a risk in Crohn's disease and is believed to be associated with an inappropriate inflammatory response. Recently, the NOD2 gene has been associated with Crohn's disease, which further(More)
Germline mutations in cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) have been associated with a range of cancer types, in particular of the breast and prostate. Protein-truncating mutations in CHEK2 have been reported to confer higher risks of cancer of the breast and the prostate than the missense I157T variant. In order to estimate the risks of colorectal cancer(More)
The NOD2 gene has been associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease and individuals with Crohn's disease are at increased risk for cancer at a number of organ sites. We studied the association between the 3020insC allele of the NOD2 gene and cancer among 2604 cancer patients and 1910 controls from Poland. Patients were diagnosed with one of twelve(More)
Very little is known about the chromosomal regions harbouring genes involved in initiation and progression of BRCAX-associated breast cancers. We applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to identify the most frequent genomic imbalances in 18 BRCAX hereditary breast cancers and compared them to chromosomal aberrations detected in a group of 27(More)
The role of replicative DNA polymerases in ensuring genome stability is intensively studied, but the role of other components of the replisome is still not fully understood. One of such component is the GINS complex (comprising the Psf1, Psf2, Psf3 and Sld5 subunits), which participates in both initiation and elongation of DNA replication. Until now, the(More)
Three mutations in mitochondrial DNA complex I genes are responsible for over 90% of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) cases in Europe. A family with two LHON mutations--practically homoplasmic 11778G>A and varying levels of 3460G>A--was found during analysis of Polish patients. DNA and visual acuity was analyzed in four affected brothers and their(More)
t(8;21) is one of the most frequent chromosomal abnormalities observed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, expression of AML1-ETO is not sufficient to induce transformation in vivo. Consistent with this observation, patients with this translocation harbor additional genetic abnormalities, suggesting a requirement for cooperating mutations. To better(More)