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O-GlcNAcylation is an abundant, dynamic, and inducible posttranslational modification in which single β-N-acetylglucosamine residues are attached by O-glycosidic linkage to serine or treonine residues. It is suggested that abnormally regulated O-GlcNAcylation may contribute to the pathology of cancer. Cycling of O-GlcNAc residues on intracellular proteins(More)
The most lethal damage for the cell among all damage is double-strand breaks (DSB) of DNA. DSB cause development of cancer diseases including the triple-negative molecular subtype of breast cancer. The aim of this work was to evaluate the single nucleotide polymorphism -135G>C (rs1801320) of the RAD51 gene encoding DNA repair proteins by homologous(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine the level of thiosulfate in the urine of prostate cancer (PCa) patients and evaluate its usefulness in the diagnosis and monitoring of prostate malignant transformation. Thiosulfate is a naturally occurring product of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) metabolism. H2S is involved in many physiological and pathological(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate the cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni) and aluminium (Al) concentrations in female breast cancer and normal tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS The concentration of metals in 16 non-cancerous breast tissues and 67 breast cancer samples was measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. RESULTS In the case of normal(More)
OBJECTIVES O-GlcNAcylation is an abundant modification of cellular proteins which consist of single N-acetylglucosamine residues attached by O-linkage to serine or threonine residues. Abnormal O-GlcNAcylation seems to be a feature of malignant cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between the expression of genes(More)
BACKGROUND The mRNA expression of genes coding enzymes involved in O-GlcNAcylation were analyzed in urine obtained from 176 bladder cancer (BC) patients and 143 healthy persons. METHODS MGEA5 and OGT expression was measured by a real-time PCR assay. RESULTS OGT expression was not detected in urine of healthy persons but it was found in 51.7% of BC(More)
To estimate the oxidative stress in patients with prostate cancer and in a control group, we used the biomarker of lipid peroxidation–isoprostanes (8-isoPGF2) and the level of selected antioxidants (glucose and uric acid [UA]). The level of urinary isoprostanes was determined in patients and controls using an immunoassay kit according to the manufacturer’s(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to analyze of TLRs mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells as potential biomarkers of neoplastic lesions progress and to evaluate their role in the possible mechanisms responsible for the secretion of cytokines in laryngeal cancer. MATERIAL/METHODS The analysis of TLR2, TLR4, TRAF6, IRAK1 expression in(More)
There is no doubt that cancer is not only a genetic disease but that it can also occur due to epigenetic abnormalities. Diet and environmental factors can alter the scope of epigenetic regulation. The results of recent studies suggest that O-GlcNAcylation, which involves the addition of N-acetylglucosamine on the serine or threonine residues of proteins,(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is the key regulator of cytokine-mediated innate and adaptive immunity. One of the molecular mechanisms of SOCS1 is connected with inhibition of TLR4-NFkappaB pathway. The relationships among these molecules in laryngeal carcinoma are not exactly known. In this preliminary study we focused on their special activity(More)