Ewa A. Bienkiewicz

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Since the advent of genome-wide small interfering RNA screening, large numbers of cellular cofactors important for viral infection have been discovered at a rapid pace, but the viral targets and the mechanism of action for many of these cofactors remain undefined. One such cofactor is cyclophilin A (CyPA), upon which hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication(More)
Src family kinases (SFKs) play critical roles in the regulation of many cellular functions by growth factors, G-protein-coupled receptors and ligand-gated ion channels. Recent data have shown that SFKs serve as a convergent point of multiple signaling pathways regulating N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the central nervous system. Multiple SFK(More)
p27(Kip1) contributes to cell-cycle regulation by inhibiting cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) activity. The p27 Cdk-inhibition domain has an ordered conformation comprising an alpha-helix, a 3(10) helix, and beta-structure when bound to cyclin A-Cdk2. In contrast, the unbound p27 Cdk-inhibition domain is intrinsically disordered (natively unfolded) as shown by(More)
The intrinsically disordered amino-proximal domain of hamster prion protein (PrP) contains four copies of a highly conserved octapeptide sequence, PHGGGWGQ, that is flanked by two polycationic residue clusters. This N-terminal domain mediates the binding of sulfated glycans, which can profoundly influence the conversion of PrP to pathological forms and the(More)
The 1H, 13C, 15N and 31P random-coil chemical shifts and phosphate pKa values of phosphorylated amino acids pSer, pThr and pTyr in the protected peptide Ac-Gly-Gly-X-Gly-Gly-NH2 have been obtained in water at 25 degrees C over the pH range 2 to 9. Analysis of ROESY spectra indicates that the peptides are unstructured. Phosphorylation induces changes in(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that intra-domain interactions between Src family kinases (SFKs), stabilized by binding of the phosphorylated C-terminus to the SH2 domain and/or binding of the SH2 kinase linker to the SH3 domain, lock the molecules in a closed conformation, disrupt the kinase active site, and inactivate SFKs. Here we report that the(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is a disease of cardiac sarcomeres. To identify molecular mechanisms underlying FHC pathology, functional and structural differences in three FHC-related mutations in recombinant α-Tm (V95A, D175N, and E180G) were characterized using both conventional and modified in vitro motility assays and circular dichroism(More)
The diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) is an Fe(II)-activated transcriptional regulator of iron homeostatic and virulence genes in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. DtxR is a two-domain protein that contains two structurally and functionally distinct metal binding sites. Here, we investigate the molecular steps associated with activation by Ni(II)Cl(2) and(More)
The C-terminal domain (CTD) of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II consists of tandemly repeated copies of a heptapeptide with the Y(1)S(2)P(3)T(4)S(5)P(6)S(7) consensus sequence. This repeat contains two overlapping SPXX motifs that can adopt a beta-turn conformation. In addition, each CTD repeat contains the PXXP sequence characteristic of the(More)
Diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) regulates the expression of iron-sensitive genes in Corynebacterium diphtheriae, including the diphtheria toxin gene. DtxR contains an N-terminal metal- and DNA-binding domain that is connected by a proline-rich flexible peptide segment (Pr) to a C-terminal src homology 3 (SH3)-like domain. We determined the solution(More)