Evyatar Erell

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This paper describes a climatic analysis of landscape strategies for outdoor cooling in a hot-arid region, considering the efficiency of water use. Six landscape strategies were studied, using different combinations of trees, lawn, and an overhead shade mesh. The effects of these treatments were tested during the summer season in two semi-enclosed(More)
A new evaporation based passive cooling technology was tested. The technology is based on the exposure of “floating” wetted cloth to the ambient air. It was compared to various other passive cooling techniques, with very favorable results. Two identical shallow ponds were constructed. One of them was covered with white cotton towels stretched on a densely(More)
The paper examines the importance of using sitespecific data in computer simulation of building energy performance. The CAT (Canyon Air Temperature) computer model, which is designed to predict site-specific air temperature in an urban street canyon for extended periods on the basis of data from a reference station exposed to the same meso-scale weather,(More)
Computer models used to predict building heating and cooling energy and occupant thermal comfort at present rely on climate data collected at a remote meteorological station. No account is taken of the changes in meteorological conditions caused by the urban developments, yet it is known the differences can be important. This paper reports on a project(More)
The water consumption and micrometeorological effects of several strategies for outdoor cooling in an arid climate were monitored over a six-week period in two small, semi-enclosed, courtyards with varying combinations of mature trees, shading mesh, lawn and paving. Performance was assessed using a new measure of "cooling efficiency" which is proposed as a(More)
This discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Geoscientific Model Development (GMD). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in GMD if available. Abstract Cities impact both local climate, through urban heat islands, and global climate, because they are an area of heavy greenhouse gas release into the atmosphere due to heating, air(More)
In a previous study (Portnov and Erell, 1998a), an Index of Clustering was defined, which allowed an analysis of the combined effect of spatial isolation and remoteness of peripheral towns on the long-term patterns of their population growth. In the present paper, the analysis of the effect of clustering of the urban field on the patterns of population(More)
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