Evy de Leenheer

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to play a role in cell growth, invasion, angiogenesis, metastasis, and bone degradation, all important events in the pathogenesis of cancer. Multiple myeloma is a B-cell cancer characterized by the proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow, increased angiogenesis, and the development of osteolytic(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether modifying the local bone environment with osteoprotegerin (OPG), the soluble decoy receptor for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB (RANK) ligand, could affect tumor burden and survival in the 5T33MM murine model of multiple myeloma. Treatment of mice, injected with 5T33MM cells, with recombinant(More)
We demonstrate here a rapid alternative method for the production of functional bi-specific antibodies using the mild reducing agent 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid sodium salt (MESNA). Following reduction of a mixture of two monoclonal antibodies with MESNA to break inter heavy chain bonds, this solution is dialysed under oxidising conditions and antibodies(More)
During the last decade, a central role for insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in the pathophysiology of multiple myeloma (MM) has been well established. IGF-I provided by the tumor-microenvironment interaction may directly and indirectly facilitate the migration, survival and expansion of the MM cells in the bone marrow (BM). The inhibition of the(More)
Patients with multiple myeloma commonly develop focal osteolytic bone disease, as well as generalised osteoporosis. The mechanisms underlying the development of osteoporosis in patients with myeloma are poorly understood. Although disruption of the RANKL/OPG pathway has been shown to underlie formation of focal osteolytic lesions, its role in the(More)
Active vaccination can be effective as a post-exposure prophylaxis, but the rapidity of the immune response induced, relative to the incubation time of the pathogen, is critical. We show here that CD40mAb conjugated to antigen induces a more rapid specific antibody response than currently used immunological adjuvants, alum and monophosphoryl lipid A.
Personalized immunotherapy of lymphoma based on tumor idiotype (Id) has shown anti-idiotype humoral immune responses in 40%-50% and cellular immune responses in 50%-75% of follicular lymphoma patients, indicating that this therapy can be clinically successful. We have developed a novel vaccine against lymphoma consisting of an anti-CD40 Ab (ADX40)(More)
Low-avidity autoreactive CD8 T cells (CTLs) escape from thymic negative selection, and peripheral tolerance mechanisms are essential for their regulation. We report the role of proinsulin (PI) expression on the development and activation of insulin-specific CTLs in the NOD mouse model of type 1 diabetes. We studied insulin B-chain-specific CTL from(More)
Murine adoptive CD8+ T-cell immunotherapy studies require the generation of large numbers of high viability CD8+ cells. Here we report a tissue culture protocol for the reliable expansion of CD8+ T-cells derived from murine spleen to give a 20-fold expansion after 4 days in culture. The cells were transfected with an mRNA GFP construct and transferred into(More)
NOD mice, a model strain for human type 1 diabetes, express proinsulin (PI) in the thymus. However, insulin-reactive T cells escape negative selection, and subsequent activation of the CD8(+) T-cell clonotype G9C8, which recognizes insulin B15-23 via an αβ T-cell receptor (TCR) incorporating TRAV8-1/TRAJ9 and TRBV19/TRBJ2-3 gene rearrangements, contributes(More)