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Short-term changes in ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters < 10 micro m (PM10) have been associated with short-term fluctuations in mortality or morbidity in many studies. In this study, we tested whether those deaths are just advanced by a few days or weeks using a multicity hierarchical modeling approach for all-cause, respiratory, and(More)
Although the association between particulate matter and mortality or morbidity is generally accepted, controversy remains about the importance of the association. If it is due solely to the deaths of frail individuals, which are brought forward by only a brief period of time, the public health implications of the association are fewer than if there is an(More)
Birth weight is positively associated with the risk of breast cancer in the offspring and the underlying process is likely to involve the pregnancy endocrine milieu. We have examined the association of diet and related factors during pregnancy with the levels (at the 16th and 27th gestational week) of maternal pregnancy oestradiol, oestriol, sex(More)
Using data from two case-control studies undertaken in Athens, Greece from 1994 to 1997, we have examined the association of occupational physical activity with the risk of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Cases consisted of 320 patients with histologically confirmed incident prostate cancer and 184 patients with surgically treated(More)
AIMS Our aim is to investigate, in 13 cases (delivering preterm) and 21 matched (for age, parity, and gestational age) controls (delivering at term), whether midtrimester amniotic fluid concentrations of elastase, secretory leukocyte proteinase inhibitor (SLPI), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule predict(More)
O-Methylguanine (O-meG) is a powerful premutagenic lesion that can arise from exposure to methylating agents. Although it has been reported to occur in human DNA, no systematic epidemiological analysis of its occurrence in populations suffering general environmental exposure is available. We report here results from a study of the presence of O-meG in(More)
Interferon-gamma-inducible T cell-alpha chemoattractant (ITAC) is a chemokine, directing activated T lymphocytes toward sites of inflammation. ADAM-8 (A disintegrin and metalloprotease-8) is a glycoprotein expressed in cells promoting inflammation. Elastase, a protease targeting at the degradation of intra- or extracellular proteins, is inhibited by(More)
Birth weight has been positively associated with breast cancer risk in adult life and is positively associated with the principal pregnancy estrogen estriol. Birth weight is lower among Chinese women than among Caucasian women, but paradoxically, pregnancy estriol levels are higher among the former than the latter. We studied a cohort of 317 Caucasian(More)
OBJECTIVE To present retrospective data for maternal deaths in Greece from 1996 to 2006. METHODS Demographic information and information on the causes of death was provided by the Hellenic Statistical Authority. Maternal deaths were assessed by cause of death, maternal age, and place of residence. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was estimated and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine and correlate midtrimester amniotic fluid concentrations of interferon gamma-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (ITAC, a chemokine directing the migration of activated T lymphocytes toward inflammation sites) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in women undergoing amniocentesis and subsequently delivering pre-or full-term infants. (More)