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BACKGROUND In clinical trials, treatment with a combination of the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir and the antiviral drug ribavirin was associated with high response rates among patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 infection, with lower response rates among patients with HCV genotype 3 infection. METHODS We conducted a study(More)
BACKGROUND High rates of sustained virologic response were observed among patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who received 12 weeks of treatment with the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir combined with the NS5A inhibitor ledipasvir. This study examined 8 weeks of treatment with this regimen. METHODS In this phase 3, open-label study,(More)
BACKGROUND The standard treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is interferon, which is administered subcutaneously and can have troublesome side effects. We evaluated sofosbuvir, an oral nucleotide inhibitor of HCV polymerase, in interferon-sparing and interferon-free regimens for the treatment of HCV infection. METHODS We provided open-label(More)
Elvitegravir (EVG) is an effective HIV-1 integrase (IN) strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) in advanced clinical development. Primary INSTI resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) at six IN positions have been identified in HIV-1-infected patients failing EVG-containing regimens in clinical studies: T66I/A/K, E92Q/G, T97A, S147G, Q148R/H/K, and N155H. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Although interferon-free regimens are approved for patients co-infected with HIV and genotype-2 or genotype-3 hepatitis C virus (HCV), interferon-based regimens are still an option for those co-infected with HIV and HCV genotypes 1 or 4. These regimens are limited by clinically significant toxic effects and drug interactions with antiretroviral(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We evaluated the effects of baseline hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5A, NS5B, and NS3 resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) on response to the combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir, with or without ribavirin, in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection. METHODS We analyzed data from 2144 participants in phase 2 and 3 studies of patients(More)
CONTEXT Presence of low-frequency, or minority, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drug resistance mutations may adversely affect response to antiretroviral treatment (ART), but evidence regarding the effects of such mutations on the effectiveness of first-line ART is conflicting. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of preexisting(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We evaluated an all-oral regimen comprising the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir (SOF) with the NS5A inhibitor ledipasvir (LDV) or the NS5B non-nucleoside inhibitor GS-9669 in patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS A total of 113 patients were enrolled. Sofosbuvir (400 mg once daily) and LDV (90 mg(More)
The high genetic variation of hepatitis C virus (HCV) results in rapid selection of drug resistance mutations (DRMs) during monotherapy with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). It has been proposed that each possible single mutant preexists in infected individuals; however, the levels of preexisting DRMs are too low to be directly quantified in most patients(More)
BACKGROUND Sofosbuvir (SOF) exhibits a high barrier to resistance, with no S282T NS5B substitution or phenotypic resistance detected in phase 3 registration studies. METHODS Here, emergence of the NS5B variants L159F and V321A and possible association with resistance was evaluated in 8 studies of SOF (NEUTRINO, FISSION, POSITRON, FUSION, VALENCE,(More)