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The aim of the present study was to clarify the identity of slow spontaneous currents, the underlying mechanism and possible role for impulse generation in neurons of the rat medial preoptic nucleus (MPN). Acutely dissociated neurons were studied with the perforated patch-clamp technique. Spontaneous outward currents, at a frequency of approximately 0.5 Hz(More)
The study examined the effects of modulation of dopamine D2 receptors-mediated neurotransmission in the rat's prefrontal cortex (PFC) on storage and executive components of working memory. Rats were trained on delayed (delay interval, 3 s) and non-delayed choice in a U-maze. The prominence of proactive interference was evaluated by sorting errors in a(More)
The functional properties of neurotransmission in the medial preoptic nucleus (MPN) were studied in a brain slice preparation from young male rats. The aims were to evaluate the thin slice preparation for studying evoked synaptic responses in MPN neurons, to characterize the fast responses triggered by activation of presynaptic nerve fibers in the MPN, and(More)
The present study was conducted to characterize possible rapid effects of 17-β-estradiol on voltage-gated K(+) channels in preoptic neurons and, in particular, to identify the mechanisms by which 17-β-estradiol affects the K(+) channels. Whole-cell currents from dissociated rat preoptic neurons were studied by perforated-patch recording. 17-β-Estradiol(More)
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is one of the primary complications of liver cirrhosis. Current treatments for HE, mainly directed to reduction of ammonia levels, are not effective enough because they cannot completely eliminate hyperammonemia and inflammation, which induce the neurological alterations. Studies in animal models show that overactivation of GABAA(More)
The effects of local microinjections of D1-selective dopaminergic agents into the medial wall of the frontal cortex of rats on short-term memory processes were studied, along with the effects of proactive interference in immediate and delayed spatial choice tasks in a Y maze. Microinjections of the D1 receptor antagonist SCH23390 (1 nmol) disturbed(More)
Calcium influx into the presynaptic nerve terminal is well established as a trigger signal for transmitter release by exocytosis. By studying dissociated preoptic neurons with functional adhering nerve terminals, we here show that presynaptic Ca2+ influx plays dual and opposing roles in the control of spontaneous transmitter release. Thus, application of(More)
The medial preoptic nucleus (MPN) regulates sexual behavior which is subject to experience-dependent modifications. Such modifications must depend on functional plasticity in the controlling neural circuits. Thus, MPN synapses are likely candidates for the site of alterations. The present work is a first systematic study of functional synaptic plasticity at(More)
To clarify the role of presynaptic L-type Ca(2+) channels in GABA-mediated transmission in the medial preoptic nucleus (MPN), spontaneous, miniature, and impulse-evoked inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs, mIPSCs, and eIPSCs, respectively) were recorded from MPN neurons in a slice preparation from rat brain. The effects of different stimulus protocols(More)
Understanding non-stationary neuronal activity as seen in vivo requires estimation of both excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances from a single trial of recording. For this purpose, we propose a new intracellular recording method, called "firing clamp." Synaptic conductances are estimated from the characteristics of artificially evoked probe(More)