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We used a simple sensory and motor system to investigate the neuronal mechanisms of olfactory orientation behaviour. The main olfactory organs of terrestrial molluscs, the experimental animals used in this work, are located on the tips of their tentacles, which display complex movements when they explore a new environment. By reconstructing the trajectory(More)
Regular spontaneous oscillations were recorded both electro- and optophysiologically using a voltage-sensitive absorption dye in the olfactory part of the brain (procerebral lobe of the cerebral ganglia) of the gastropod mollusk Helix lucorum. Odor application caused transient changes in procerebral oscillations, and an odor-evoked potential was recorded in(More)
A cluster of 40 serotonergic cells in the rostral part of pedal ganglia of the terrestrial snail Helix lucorum was shown previously to participate in the modulation of withdrawal behavior and to be necessary during the acquisition of aversive withdrawal conditioning in intact snails. Local extracellular stimulation of the serotonergic cells paired with a(More)
Optical recording of membrane potential changes with fast voltage-sensitive dyes (VSDs) in neurons is one of the very few available methods for studying the generation and propagation of electrical signals to the distant compartments of excitable cells. The more lipophilic is the VSD, the better signal-to-noise ratio of the optical signal can be achieved.(More)
It is now well documented in both vertebrates and invertebrates that nonsynaptic as well as synaptic plasticity can be a substrate for long-term memory [1-4]. Little is known, however, about how learning-induced nonsynaptic plasticity can lead to compartmentalized presynaptic changes underlying specific memory traces while leaving other circuit functions of(More)
Electrophysiological methods and optical methods based on the use of potential-sensitive dyes were used to record stable rhythmic oscillations of local potentials in the olfactory structure (procerebrum) of the pulmonate mollusk Helix: these oscillations were generally similar to those previously observed in slugs. Odor had the effect of transiently(More)
The extension of knowledge how the brain works requires permanent improvement of methods of recording of neuronal activity and increase in the number of neurons recorded simultaneously to better understand the collective work of neuronal networks and assemblies. Conventional methods allow simultaneous intracellular recording up to 2-5 neurons and their(More)
Rhythmic activity in two independent structures of the digestive apparatus of Clione limacina--the radula and the hooks--is coordinated by neural networks in the buccal ganglion during feeding behavior. Optical recording of neuron activity in the buccal ganglion, which allows simultaneous recording of large numbers of neurons, showed that the activity of(More)
Natural food odours elicit different behavioural responses in snails. The tentacle carries an olfactory organ, and it either protracts toward a stimulating carrot odour or retraces in a startle-like fashion away from a cucumber odour. The tentacle retraction to cucumber was still present after the snails were fed cucumber during inter-trial periods. Also,(More)
Regular oscillations were recorded in olfactory part of the brain (procerebrum) of gastropod mollusk Helix both electrographically and optically. In general, oscillations resembled those in slugs reported earlier. Odor application caused a transient change in the procerebral oscillations followed by appearance of a special pattern. For the first time the(More)