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A comparative study of anisotropic relaxation in two-pulse primary and three-pulse stimulated electron spin echo decays provides a direct way to distinguish fast (correlation time tau(c)<10(-6) s) and slow (tau(c)>10(-6) s) motions. Anisotropic relaxation is detected as a difference of the decay rates for different resonance field positions in anisotropic(More)
The very amino-terminal domain of the huntingtin protein is directly located upstream of the protein's polyglutamine tract, plays a decisive role in several important properties of this large protein and in the development of Huntington's disease. This huntingtin 1-17 domain is on the one hand known to markedly increase polyglutamine aggregation rates and(More)
The lipopeptaibol trichogin GA IV is a 10 amino acid-long residue and alpha-aminoisobutyric acid-rich antibiotic peptide of fungal origin. TOAC (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid) spin-labeled analogs of this membrane active peptide were investigated in hydrated bilayers of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine by electron spin echo(More)
The (2)H solid-state NMR spectra of deuterated fatty acyl chains provide direct access to the order of the hydrophobic membrane interior. From the deuterium order parameter profiles of perdeuterated fatty acyl chains the membrane hydrophobic thickness can be calculated. Here we show data obtained from POPC, POPE and mixed POPE/POPG bilayers, representative(More)
The amino-terminal domain of huntingtin (Htt17), located immediately upstream of the decisive polyglutamine tract, strongly influences important properties of this large protein and thereby the development of Huntington's disease. Htt17 markedly increases polyglutamine aggregation rates and the level of huntingtin's interactions with biological membranes.(More)
Oriented membrane samples encompassing the biradical bTbK and a transmembrane peptide carrying a single (15)N labeled residue have been prepared on polymer sheets with sample geometries that fit into a 3.2 mm MAS rotor. The proton-decoupled (15)N cross-polarization spectra of the peptide were characterized by a single line at fast magic angle spinning(More)
Solid-state NMR spectroscopic techniques provide valuable information about the structure, dynamics and topology of membrane-inserted polypeptides. In particular antimicrobial peptides (or 'host defence peptides') have early on been investigated by solid-state NMR spectroscopy and many technical innovations in this domain have been developed with the help(More)
The method of pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR) is exploited to study intra- and intermolecular dipole-dipole interactions between the spin labels of trichogin GA IV analogues. This lipopeptaibol antibiotic was studied in multilamellar membranes of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine frozen to 77 K. For mono-labelled trichogin analogues, the(More)
Mislocalization and aggregation of the huntingtin protein are related to Huntington's disease. Its first exon-more specifically the first 17 amino acids (Htt17)-is crucial for the physiological and pathological functions of huntingtin. It regulates huntingtin's activity through posttranslational modifications and serves as an anchor to membrane-containing(More)
Multicellular organisms fight bacterial and fungal infections by producing peptide-derived broad-spectrum antibiotics. These host-defense peptides compromise the integrity of microbial cell membranes and thus evade pathways by which bacteria develop rapid antibiotic resistance. Although more than 1,700 host-defense peptides have been identified, the(More)