Evgeniy Sergeevich Salnikov

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The (2)H solid-state NMR spectra of deuterated fatty acyl chains provide direct access to the order of the hydrophobic membrane interior. From the deuterium order parameter profiles of perdeuterated fatty acyl chains the membrane hydrophobic thickness can be calculated. Here we show data obtained from POPC, POPE and mixed POPE/POPG bilayers, representative(More)
The amino-terminal domain of huntingtin (Htt17), located immediately upstream of the decisive polyglutamine tract, strongly influences important properties of this large protein and thereby the development of Huntington's disease. Htt17 markedly increases polyglutamine aggregation rates and the level of huntingtin's interactions with biological membranes.(More)
Multicellular organisms fight bacterial and fungal infections by producing peptide-derived broad-spectrum antibiotics. These host-defense peptides compromise the integrity of microbial cell membranes and thus evade pathways by which bacteria develop rapid antibiotic resistance. Although more than 1,700 host-defense peptides have been identified, the(More)
To gain further insight into the antimicrobial activities of cationic linear peptides, we investigated the topology of each of two peptides, PGLa and magainin 2, in oriented phospholipid bilayers in the presence and absence of the other peptide and as a function of the membrane lipid composition. Whereas proton-decoupled (15)N solid-state NMR spectroscopy(More)
The lipopeptaibol trichogin GA IV is a 10 amino acid-long residue and alpha-aminoisobutyric acid-rich antibiotic peptide of fungal origin. TOAC (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid) spin-labeled analogs of this membrane active peptide were investigated in hydrated bilayers of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine by electron spin echo(More)
A comparative study of anisotropic relaxation in two-pulse primary and three-pulse stimulated electron spin echo decays provides a direct way to distinguish fast (correlation time tau(c)<10(-6) s) and slow (tau(c)>10(-6) s) motions. Anisotropic relaxation is detected as a difference of the decay rates for different resonance field positions in anisotropic(More)
Permeabilization of the phospholipid membrane, induced by the antibiotic peptides zervamicin IIB (ZER), ampullosporin A (AMP) and antiamoebin I (ANT) was investigated in a vesicular model system. Membrane-perturbing properties of these 15/16 residue peptides were examined by measuring the K(+) transport across phosphatidyl choline (PC) membrane and by(More)
Alamethicin, a hydrophobic peptide that is considered a paradigm for membrane channel formation, was uniformly labeled with 15N, reconstituted into oriented phosphatidylcholine bilayers at concentrations of 1 or 5 mol %, and investigated by solid-state NMR spectroscopy as a function of temperature. Whereas the peptide adopts a transmembrane alignment in(More)
Determining the structure of membrane-active peptides inside lipid bilayers is essential to understand their mechanism of action. Molecular dynamics simulations can easily provide atomistic details, but need experimental validation. We assessed the reliability of self-assembling (or "minimum-bias") and potential of mean force (PMF) approaches, using(More)
Solid-state NMR spectroscopic techniques provide valuable information about the structure, dynamics and topology of membrane-inserted polypeptides. In particular antimicrobial peptides (or 'host defence peptides') have early on been investigated by solid-state NMR spectroscopy and many technical innovations in this domain have been developed with the help(More)