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The subtle tissue changes associated with the early stages of malignancies, such as cancer, are not clearly discernible even at the current, improved, resolution of optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems. However, these changes directly affect the spectral content of the OCT image that contains information regarding these unresolvable features. Spectral(More)
A novel technique for axial resolution improvement in Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT) is presented. The technique is based on the deconvolution of modulated optical coherence tomography signals. In FDOCT, the real part of the Fourier transform of the interferogram is modulated by a frequency which depends on the position of the(More)
A novel spectral analysis technique of OCT images is demonstrated in this paper for classification and scatterer size estimation. It is based on SOCT autoregressive spectral estimation techniques and statistical analysis. Two different statistical analysis methods were applied to OCT images acquired from tissue phantoms, the first method required prior(More)
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an emerging medical imaging technology able to detect tissue microstructure in vivo and in situ. However, many changes, associated with diseases such as cancer, result in cellular and sub-cellular variations which are very important for the diagnosis but are below the resolution limit of OCT. Since the spectrum of(More)
The size-dependent spectral variations, predicted by Mie theory, have already been considered as a contrast enhancement mechanism in optical coherence tomography. In this work, a new spectroscopic metric, the bandwidth of the correlation of the derivative, was developed for estimating scatterer size which is more robust and accurate compared to existing(More)
A novel technique for axial resolution improvement of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) systems is proposed. The technique is based on step-frequency encoding, using frequency shifting, of the OCT signal. A resolution improvement by a factor of approximately 7 is achieved without the need for a broader bandwidth light source. This method exploits a(More)
Dispersion, resulting from wavelength-dependent index of refraction variations, could be used to detect changes associated with cancer for early and accurate diagnosis. Different techniques for estimating the dispersion from Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images were investigated to evaluate their accuracy and applicability to samples such as muscle and(More)
Tissue dispersion could be used as a marker of early disease changes to further improve the diagnostic potential of optical coherence tomography (OCT). However, most methods to measure dispersion, described in the literature, rely on the presence of distinct and strong reflectors and are, therefore, rarely applicable in vivo. A novel technique has been(More)
A novel technique for lateral resolution improvement in optical coherence tomography (OCT) is presented. The proposed method is based on lateral oversampling of the image. The locations and weights of multiple high spatial resolution sub-volumes are calculated using a Capon estimator assuming each contributes a weighted portion to the detected signal. This(More)
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