Everson Kandare

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In this study, we investigate the effects of exposure to cadmium and copper on Lymnaea natalensis and Helisoma duryi. The snails were dosed with Cd2+ or Cu2+ for a period of 96h. Snails dosed with Cd accumulated the metal significantly (P<0.05) in tissues but not in shells. Mortality was observed at approximately 1mg Cd/l of culture water. In tissues and(More)
In this paper we investigate the potential of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST and ALT) as biomarkers of water pollution due to copper in the freshwater snails Helisoma duryi and Lymnaea natalensis. Snails were dosed with copper(II) ion concentrations of 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg kg(-1) breeding water for a period of(More)
(1)H NMR spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction have been used to explore the details of anion exchange reactions of two layered hydroxy double salts (HDSs), zinc copper hydroxy acetate (ZCA), nickel zinc hydroxy acetate (NZA), and a related layered material, zinc hydroxy acetate (ZHA), at room temperature (21-22 degrees C). Reactions that followed(More)
Organically-modified montmorillonite (MMT) clays have been prepared using ammonium salts containing quinoline, pyridine, benzene, and styrenic groups. The nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending and the formation of nanocomposites was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Thermal stability and(More)
Two hydroxy double salts (HDSs), zinc copper hydroxy acetate (ZCA) and zinc nickel hydroxy acetate (ZNA), and an analogous layered compound, zinc hydroxy acetate (ZHA), have been prepared by a coprecipitation method. The thermal degradation of these materials was characterized via thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), and(More)
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