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BACKGROUND With increasing research on system integration for image-guided therapy (IGT), there has been a strong demand for standardized communication among devices and software to share data such as target positions, images and device status. METHOD We propose a new, open, simple and extensible network communication protocol for IGT, named OpenIGTLink,(More)
PURPOSE In prostate brachytherapy, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is used to visualize the anatomy, while implanted seeds can be visualized by fluoroscopy. Intraoperative dosimetry optimization is possible using a combination of TRUS and fluoroscopy, but requires localization of the fluoroscopy-derived seed cloud, relative to the anatomy as seen on TRUS. The(More)
Prostate brachytherapy guided by transrectal ultrasound is a common treatment option for early stage prostate cancer. Prostate cancer accounts for 28% of cancer cases and 11% of cancer deaths in men with 217,730 estimated new cases and 32,050 estimated deaths in 2010 in the United States alone. The major current limitation is the inability to reliably(More)
We present a robotically assisted prostate brachytherapy system and test results in training phantoms. The system consists of a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) and a spatially co-registered robot integrated with an FDA-approved commercial treatment planning system. The salient feature of the system is a small parallel robot affixed to the mounting posts of(More)
This paper describes the design of a novel ultrasonic therapy system dedicated to the breast cancer treatment and the theoretical investigation of the heating characteristics of the system. The applicator is a cylinder comprised of a stack of rings. Each ring has up to 48 transducers mounted on the inside of the ring and directed towards the centre. The(More)
Three dimensional heat-induced echo-strain imaging is a potentially useful tool for monitoring the formation of thermal lesions during ablative therapy. Heat-induced echo-strain, known as thermal strain, is due to the changes in the speed of propagating ultrasound signals and to tissue expansion during heat deposition. This paper presents a complete system(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer brachytherapy relies on an accurate spatial registration between the implant needles and the TRUS image, called "calibration". The authors propose a new device and a fast, automatic method to calibrate the brachytherapy system in the operating room, with instant error feedback. METHODS A device was CAD-designed and(More)
PURPOSE To report the preliminary experimental results obtained with a robot-assisted transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate brachytherapy system. METHODS AND MATERIALS The system consists of a TRUS unit, a spatially coregistered needle insertion robot, and an FDA-approved treatment planning and image-registered implant system. The robot receives(More)
A catheter-based transurethral ultrasound applicator with angularly directional heating patterns has been designed for prostate thermal therapy and evaluated in canine prostate in vivo using MRI to monitor and assess performance. The ultrasound transducer array (3.5 mm diameter tubular transducers, 180 degrees active sectors, approximately 7.5 MHz) was(More)
The success of prostate brachytherapy critically depends on delivering adequate dose to the prostate gland. Intraoperative localization of the implanted seeds provides potential for dose evaluation and optimization during therapy. A reduced-dimensionality matching algorithm for prostate brachytherapy seed reconstruction (REDMAPS) that uses multiple X-ray(More)