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OBJECTIVE To evaluate a clinic-based multimedia intervention for diabetes education targeting individuals with low health literacy levels in a diverse population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Five public clinics in Chicago, Illinois, participated in the study with computer kiosks installed in waiting room areas. Two hundred forty-four subjects with(More)
Instrument development is an arduous task that, if undertaken with care and consideration, can lay the foundation for the development of validity arguments relating to the inferences and decisions that are based on test measures. This article, Part I of a two-part series, provides an overview of validity concepts and describes how instrument development(More)
Accumulation of validity evidence is an important part of the instrument development process. In Part I of a two-part series, we provided an overview of validity concepts and described how instrument development efforts can be conducted to facilitate the development of validity arguments. In this, Part II of the series, we identify how analyses, especially(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the psychometric properties of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) in people with either left or right acute hemisphere stroke for the purpose of improving the scale's sensitivity in detecting neurologic impairment. DESIGN Secondary analysis of data from the Clomethiazole for Acute Stroke Study-Ischemic using the(More)
This article: 1) describes problems in score reporting with the True-Score Model, 2) presents a definition of the Rasch measurement unit, the logit, 3) reviews various transformations of the logit metric, and 4) provides examples of score reporting procedures. Two data sets are used. The first contains dichotomous data drawn from responses to a(More)
The purpose of this research is twofold. First is to extend the work of Smith (1992, 1996) and Smith and Miao (1991, 1994) in comparing item fit statistics and principal component analysis as tools for assessing the unidimensionality requirement of Rasch models. Second is to demonstrate methods to explore how violations of the unidimensionality requirement(More)
To ensure that researchers and practitioners make valid interpretations from children's self-reports, evidence must demonstrate that the self-report has appropriate psychometric properties. The Child Occupational Self Assessment (COSA) is a self-report of occupational competence and value for everyday activities designed to involve children in identifying(More)
OBJECTIVE To create, implement, and evaluate a PharmD course on primary care nutrition. DESIGN A 2-credit hour elective course was offered to second- and third-year pharmacy students. It was informed by the Socratic method using a minimum number of formal lecture presentations and featured problem-based learning exercises, case-based scenarios, and(More)
UNLABELLED Kramer JM, Smith EV Jr, Kielhofner G. Rating scale use by children with disabilities on a self-report of everyday activities. OBJECTIVE To examine whether children with disabilities interpret a self-report of perceived competence and importance of everyday activities in a consistent manner and use the rating scales as intended. If not, are(More)