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Sixteen patients manifested the syndrome of loss of environmental familiarity. The syndrome is characterized by an inability to recognize familiar surroundings in spite of relatively intact verbal memory, cognition, and perception. In addition to the loss of environmental familiarity, other clinical disturbances, including central achromatopsia,(More)
1. Magnetic stimulation was applied over the motor cortex in forty-five normal human subjects and peristimulus time histograms (PSTHs) of the discharges of single motor units were used to record changes in the firing probability of individual spinal motoneurones of contralateral upper limb muscles. Recordings were obtained from 153 motor units from fourteen(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and the effect on standardized clinical rating measures of transplanted embryonic porcine ventral mesencephalic (VM) tissue in advanced PD. METHODS Twelve patients with idiopathic PD underwent unilateral implantation of embryonic porcine VM tissue; six received cyclosporine immunosuppression and six received tissue treated(More)
Unilateral cortical contusion in the rat results in cell loss in both the cortex and hippocampus. Pharmacological intervention with growth factors or excitatory neurotransmitter antagonists may reduce cell loss and improve neurological outcome. The window of opportunity for such intervention remains unclear because a detailed temporal analysis of neuronal(More)
1. The hypothesis that the long latency reflex response to muscle stretch in humans uses a transcortical pathway was tested by looking for convergence onto cortical neurones in eleven normal subjects. 2. Postsynaptic events in single flexor pollicis longus (FPL) motoneurones were derived from changes in the firing probability of individual FPL motor units.(More)
Neuropathologic findings in an infant with congenital right facial and bilateral lateral rectus palsy (Möbius syndrome) are presented. Multiple microscopic foci of necrosis were found in the lower pontine tegmentum, involving the region of the intramedullary course of 6th and 7th cranial nerves. The significance of pathologic findings in this infant and 14(More)
No uniformly accepted hypothesis explains the genesis and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. We followed 5,184 men and women prospectively for 26 years; 36 cases of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) accounted for 62% of all intracranial hemorrhages. Blood pressure before SAH was higher in these patients than in controls. Definite hypertension(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endovascular treatment of vascular lesions has revolutionized the treatment of arterial pseudoaneurysms. We describe our experience in treating carotid or vertebral pseudoaneurysms with covered stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten patients with carotid or vertebral pseudoaneurysms treated with self-expanding or balloon-expandable(More)
We tested the hypothesis that in adult humans, recovery from stroke results from the emergence of ipsilateral, fast-conducting corticospinal pathways. In 10 patients recovering from stroke, the unaffected hemisphere was stimulated with an electromagnet and changes in the firing probability of single biceps motor units were used to derive postsynaptic(More)