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The expression of fast myosin heavy chain (MyHC) genes was examined in vivo during fast skeletal muscle development in the inbred White Leghorn chicken (line 03) and in adult muscles from the genetically related dystrophic White Leghorn chicken (line 433). RNA dotblot and northern hybridization was employed to monitor MyHC transcript levels utilizing(More)
cDNAs encoding the rod region of four different fast myosin heavy chains (MYCHs) in the chicken were identified, using anti-MYCH monoclonal antibodies, in two expression libraries prepared from 19-day embryonic and adult chicken muscle. These clones were used to determine the amino acid sequences that encompass the epitopes of five anti-MYHC monoclonal(More)
Sequence comparisons of avian and mammalian skeletal and cardiac myosin heavy-chain isoforms are used to examine the evolutionary relationships of sarcomeric myosin multigene families. Mammalian fast-myosin heavy-chain isoforms from different species, with comparable developmental expression, are more similar to each other than they are to other fast(More)
Comparisons of the nucleotide sequences of the light meromyosin (LMM) region of developmentally regulated fast chicken myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms indicates that chicken MHC isoforms are more similar to each other than to MHC isoforms in other species. The sequence data provide evidence that gene conversion events have occurred recently among the(More)
During development of chicken pectoralis muscle, a neonatal myosin heavy-chain isoform is supplanted progressively by an adult isoform. This expression is under neuronal control. In this study we test the hypothesis that developmental myosin transformations are initiated near the motor endplate of each muscle fiber, thereafter progressing toward the fiber(More)
The expression of neonatal myosin heavy chain (MHC) was examined in developing embryonic chicken muscle cultures using a monoclonal antibody (2E9) that has been shown to be specific for that isoform (Bandman, E., 1985, Science (Wash. DC), 227: 780-782). After 1 wk in vitro some myotubes could be stained with the antibody, and the number of cells that(More)
The influence of innervation on primary and secondary myogenesis and its relation to fiber type diversity were investigated in two specific wing muscles of quail embryo, the posterior (PLD) and anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD). In the adult, these muscles are composed almost exclusively of pure populations of fast and slow fibers, respectively. When slow ALD(More)
This article reviews the complexity, expression, genetics, regulation, function, and evolution of the avian myosin heavy chain (MyHC). The majority of pertinent studies thus far published have focussed on domestic chicken and, to a much lesser extent, Japanese quail. Where possible, information available about wild species has also been incorporated into(More)
The emergence of avian satellite cells during development has been studied using markers that distinguish adult from fetal cells. Previous studies by us have shown that myogenic cultures from fetal (Embryonic Day 10) and adult 12-16 weeks) chicken pectoralis muscle (PM) each regulate expression of the embryonic isoform of fast myosin heavy chain (MHC)(More)