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Taurine is a conditionally essential amino acid for human that is involved in the control of glucose homeostasis; however, the mechanisms by which the amino acid affects blood glucose levels are unknown. Using an animal model, we have studied these mechanisms. Mice were supplemented with taurine for 30 d. Blood glucose homeostasis was assessed by(More)
Taurine (TAU) supplementation increases insulin secretion in response to high glucose concentrations in rodent islets. This effect is probably due to an increase in Ca2+ handling by the islet cells. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of the cholinergic/phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase (PK) A pathways in this process. Adult mice were fed(More)
Cold exposure provides a reproducible model of improved glucose turnover accompanied by reduced steady state and glucose-induced insulin levels. In the present report we performed immunoprecipitation and immunoblot studies to evaluate the initial and intermediate steps of the insulin-signalling pathway in white and brown adipose tissues, liver and skeletal(More)
SCOPE Poor nutrition during the perinatal period is associated with an increased risk for metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Taurine (TAU) regulates β-cell function and glucose homeo-stasis. Here, we assessed the effects of TAU supplementation upon adiposity and glucose control in malnourished mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS AND RESULTS Weaned male(More)
The effects of PRL treatment on insulin content and secretion, and 86Rb and 45Ca fluxes from neonatal rat islets maintained in culture for 7-9 days were studied. PRL treatment enhanced islet insulin content by 40% and enhanced early insulin secretion evoked by 16.7 mM glucose. Insulin release stimulated by oxotremorine-M, a muscarinic agonist, in the(More)
Low protein diet has been shown to affect the levels and activities of several enzymes from pancreatic islets. To further extend the knowledge on how malnutrition affects insulin secretion pathway, we investigated in this work the insulin release induced by glucose or leucine, an insulin secretagogue, and the expression of insulin receptor (IR), insulin(More)
We examined the effect of three daily foot-shock stress sessions on glucose homeostasis, insulin secretion by isolated pancreatic islets, insulin sensitivity of white adipocytes, and glycogen stores in the liver and soleus muscle of rats. Stressed rats had plasma glucose (128.3 +/- 22.9 mg/dL) and insulin (1.09 +/- 0.33 ng/mL) levels higher than the(More)
cDNAs encoding for M1 and M3 muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors were detected in rat pancreatic islet cells by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification techniques. A new cholinergic agonist, oxotremorine-m (oxo-m), in the presence of glucose (5.6 mM), produced a dose-dependent potentiation of insulin secretion saturating at approximately 5(More)
During pregnancy, pancreatic islets undergo structural and functional changes in response to an increased demand for insulin. Different hormones, especially placental lactogens, mediate these adaptive changes. Prolactin (PRL) mainly exerts its biological effects by activation of the JAK2/STAT5 pathway. PRL also stimulates some biological effects via(More)
Prolactin (PRL) exerts its biological effects mainly by activating the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (JAK/STAT5) signaling pathway. We have recently demonstrated that PRL also stimulates the insulin receptor substrates/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (IRSs/PI3K) and SH2-plekstrin homology domain (SHC)/ERK pathways in islets(More)