Everardo González

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The role of catecholamines (CAs) in cat carotid body chemoreception has been controversial. On the basis of pharmacological experiments, it would appear that endogenous dopamine (DA) may act either as an inhibitory or excitatory transmitter. Neurochemical studies on the effects of natural stimulation on the release of carotid body CAs in the cat have also(More)
The rates of dopamine and noradrenaline synthesis in the cat carotid body (c.b.) are 5.9 +/- 0.58 pmol/c.b./2 h and 0.3 +/- 0.02 pmol/c.b./2 h, respectively. The synthesis is doubled when the organs are incubated at pH 7. Similarly, low pH induces a release of dopamine from the c.b. which is proportional to increased activity in the carotid sinus nerve.
[3H]Inositol accumulated by rat brain cultured astrocytes is released when cells swell by exposure to solutions of decreased osmolarity. Activation of inositol efflux was proportional to reductions in osmolarity from 30%-70%. This volume-activated inositol efflux pathway was increased (27%) in Na(+)-free medium and decreased (22%) in Cl(-)-free medium. It(More)
To determine the role of Dp71 in neuronal cells, we generated PC12 cell lines in which Dp71 protein levels were controlled by stable transfection with either antisense or sense constructs. Cells expressing the antisense Dp71 RNA (antisense-Dp71 cells) contained reduced amounts of the two endogenous Dp71 isoforms. Antisense-Dp71 cells exhibited a marked(More)
Previously, we reported that PC12 cells with decreased Dp71 expression (antisense-Dp71 cells) display deficient nerve-growth-factor-induced neurite outgrowth. In this study, we show that disturbed neurite outgrowth of antisense-Dp71 cells is accompanied by decreased adhesion activity on laminin, collagen and fibronectin. In wild-type cells, the(More)
Studies concerning the sensing step in the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mechanism have been conflicting. To study this step, we measured macula densa (MD) cell volume and membrane potentials in the isolated perfused ascending limb of the loop of Henle with attached glomerulus with MD segments (cTAL-MD). Addition of furosemide reduced cell volume rapidly(More)
Maternal diabetes significantly increases the risk of congenital malformations, and the mechanisms involved are not yet clarified. This study was designed to address peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) involvement in diabetic embryopathy. We investigated the concentrations of PPARdelta and its endogenous agonist prostaglandin(More)
Cultured cerebellar astrocytes exhibit regulatory volume decrease (RVD) after anisosmotic swelling by extrusion of potassium (K), chloride (Cl), and organic osmolytes. The volume decay curve after swelling in 50% hyposmotic solutions has a first-order rate constant k min(-1) of 0.18 and 70% cell volume recovery is attained after 15 min. Replacing NaCl in(More)
The influence of intracellular pH (pHi) changes on the formation of inositol phosphate metabolites (IPs) produced by glutamatergic stimulation was studied in 8-day-old rat brain synaptoneurosomes. For this purpose pHi was measured using 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) fluorimetric assay in parallel with the basal and receptor-mediated(More)