Evelyne Sage

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In order to better understand the relative contribution of the different UV components of sunlight to solar mutagenesis, the distribution of the bipyrimidine photolesions, cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD), (6-4) photoproducts ((6-4)PP), and their Dewar valence photoisomers (DewarPP) was examined in Chinese hamster ovary cells irradiated with UVC, UVB, or(More)
Emphasis is placed in this review article on recent aspects of the photochemistry of cellular DNA in which both the UVB and UVA components of solar radiation are implicated individually or synergistically. Interestingly, further mechanistic insights into the UV-induced formation of DNA photoproducts were gained from the application of new accurate and(More)
DNA damage profiles have been established in plasmid DNA using purified DNA repair enzymes and a plasmid relaxation assay, following exposure to UVC, UVB, UVA or simulated sunlight (SSL). Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) are revealed as T4 endonuclease V-sensitive sites, oxidation products at purine and pyrimidine as Fpg- and Nth-sensitive sites, and(More)
Exposure to solar UV radiation gives rise to mutations that may lead to skin cancer. UVA (320-340 nm) constitutes the large majority of solar UV radiation but is less effective than UVB (290-320 nm) at damaging DNA. Although UVA has been implicated in photocarcinogenesis, its contribution to sunlight mutagenesis has not been elucidated, and DNA damage(More)
Ligation-mediated PCR was employed to quantify cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) formation at nucleotide resolution along exon 2 of the adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (aprt) locus in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells following irradiation with either UVA (340-400 nm), UVB (295-320 nm), UVC (254 nm) or simulated sunlight (SSL; lambda > 295 nm). The(More)
Sunlight causes lesions in DNA that if unrepaired and inaccurately replicated by DNA polymerases yield mutations that result in skin cancer in humans. Two enzymes involved in translesion synthesis (TLS) of UV-induced photolesions are DNA polymerase eta (Poleta) and polymerase zeta (Polzeta), encoded by the RAD30A and REV3 genes, respectively. Previous(More)
A clustered DNA lesion, also known as a multiply damaged site, is defined as ≥ 2 damages in the DNA within 1-2 helical turns. Only ionizing radiation and certain chemicals introduce DNA damage in the genome in this non-random way. What is now clear is that the lethality of a damaging agent is not just related to the types of DNA lesions introduced, but also(More)
The large RBE (approximately 7) measured for the killing of Chinese hamster V79 cells by 340 eV ultrasoft X rays, which preferentially ionize the K shell of carbon atoms (Hervé du Penhoat et al., Radiat. Res. 151, 649-658, 1999), was used to investigate the location of sensitive sites for cell inactivation and the physical modes of action of radiation. The(More)
The formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) was investigated in Chinese hamster ovary cells upon exposure to either UVC, UVB, UVA or simulated sunlight (SSL). Two cell lines were used, namely AT3-2 and UVL9, the latter being deficient in nucleotide excision repair and consequently UV sensitive.(More)
We determined the distribution of monoadducts and biadducts induced in the supF tRNA gene carried by the shuttle vector pZ189, after exposure to 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) plus a double UVA (365 nm) irradiation. These data were compared to our previously published 8-MOP-photoinduced mutation spectrum obtained after propagation of the damaged shuttle vector(More)