Evelyne Lauret

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The mechanisms underlying the immunomodulatory functions of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on dendritic cells (DC) have been shown to involve soluble factors, such as IL-6 or TGF-beta, or cell-cell contact, or both depending on the report referenced. In this study, we intend to clarify these mechanisms by examining the immunosuppressive effect of human adult(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play an important role in innate and adaptive immunity, prompting interest in mechanisms controlling the production of this lineage of cells. Notch signaling via one of the Notch ligands, delta-like 1 (delta-1), influences the hematopoietic development of several lymphoid and myeloid lineages, but whether or not delta-1(More)
STAT5 fulfills essential roles in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a prototypical stem cell malignancy. However, the specific contributions of the two related genes STAT5A and STAT5B have not been determined. In this study, we used a RNAi-based strategy to establish participation of these genes to CML disease(More)
We are developing a gene therapy method of HIV infection based on the constitutive low production of interferon (IFN) beta. Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) from HIV-infected patients at different clinical stages of infection were efficiently transduced with the HMB-HbHuIFNbeta retroviral vector. The constitutive low production of IFN-beta in cultured PBL(More)
We investigated whether Notch signaling pathways have a role in human developmental hematopoiesis. In situ histochemistry analysis revealed that Notch1, 2, and 4 and Notch ligand (Delta1-4, and Jagged1) proteins were not expressed in the yolk sac blood islands, the para-aortic splanchnopleure, the hematopoietic aortic clusters, and at the early stages of(More)
Although Notch ligands are considered to activate signaling through direct cell-cell contact, the existence of soluble forms has been demonstrated. However, their roles remain controversial: soluble forms have been reported to mimic the biological activity of membrane-bound form, whereas other studies rather suggested an antagonistic activity toward their(More)
We are developing a method of gene therapy of HIV infection based on the low constitutive expression of an interferon beta (IFN-beta) gene in HIV target cells. Herein we report the first step in the development of a relevant animal model, provided by the macaque (Macaca fascicularis) infected with a pathogenic SIVmac251 isolate. To avoid the possibility of(More)
To test the in vivo anti-simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) efficacy of interferon (IFN)-beta-engineered lymphocytes, peripheral blood lymphocytes harvested from two uninfected macaques were transduced with a retroviral vector carrying a constitutively expressed IFN-beta gene and reinfused, resulting in approximately 1 IFN-beta-transduced cell out of 1000(More)
As activation of telomerase represents a key step in the malignant transformation process, experimental models to develop anti-telomerase drugs provide a rational basis for anticancer strategies. We analysed the short and long-term efficacy of a stably expressed dominant-negative mutant (DN) of the telomerase catalytic unit (hTERT) in UT-7 and U937 human(More)
Oncogenic mutations leading to persistent kinase activities are associated with malignancies. Therefore, deciphering the signaling networks downstream of these oncogenic stimuli remains a challenge to gather insights into targeted therapy. To elucidate the biochemical networks connecting the Kit mutant to leukemogenesis, in the present study, we performed a(More)