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We report the first case of a human neuromuscular transmission dysfunction due to mutations in the gene encoding the muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase (MuSK). Gene analysis identified two heteroallelic mutations, a frameshift mutation (c.220insC) and a missense mutation (V790M). The muscle biopsy showed dramatic pre- and postsynaptic structural(More)
The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (pRB) is a transcriptional repressor that regulates gene expression by physically associating with transcription factors such as E2F family members. Although pRB and its upstream regulators are commonly mutated in human cancer, the physiological role of the pRB-E2F pathway is unknown. To address the function of(More)
Ligation of the cell surface receptor Fas/APO-1 (CD95) by its specific ligand or by anti-Fas antibodies rapidly induces apoptosis in susceptible cells. To characterize the molecular events involved in Fas-induced apoptosis, we examined the contribution of two subgroups of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family, the Jun kinases or stress-activated(More)
Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) formation requires the highly coordinated communication of several reciprocal signaling processes between motoneurons and their muscle targets. Identification of the early, spatially restricted cues in target recognition at the NMJ is still poorly documented, especially in mammals. Wnt signaling is one of the key pathways(More)
The autophagy receptor NBR1 (neighbor of BRCA1 gene 1) binds UB/ubiquitin and the autophagosome-conjugated MAP1LC3/LC3 (microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3) proteins, thereby ensuring ubiquitinated protein degradation. Numerous neurodegenerative and neuromuscular diseases are associated with inappropriate aggregation of ubiquitinated proteins and(More)
Interleukin (IL) 6 was measured in the serum of 138 patients with metastatic renal carcinoma before the initiation of IL-2 treatment. IL-6 was detectable in 66 patients with renal cancer (48%) and in only 8 of 70 normal adults (11%). Serum C reactive protein (CRP) and IL-6 levels are correlated, suggesting that IL-6 is involved in CRP increase in these(More)
In this work, we report the implication of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain-containing protein CKIP-1 in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)-regulated muscle differentiation. CKIP-1 is upregulated during muscle differentiation in C2C12 cells. We show that CKIP-1 binds to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate through its PH domain and localizes to the plasma(More)
Recombinant tumor necrosis factor (TNF) stimulates the proliferation of two neuroblastoma cell lines, SKNFI and SKNBE, in both serum-free medium and fetal calf serum-supplemented medium but has no effect in medium without insulin. This effect is very similar with TNF doses ranging from 5 to 500 ng/ml but depends on the duration of treatment; when cells are(More)
Multinucleated muscle fibres arise by fusion of precursor cells called myoblasts. We previously showed that CKIP-1 ectopic expression in C2C12 myoblasts increased cell fusion. In this work, we report that CKIP-1 depletion drastically impairs C2C12 myoblast fusion in vitro and in vivo during zebrafish muscle development. Within developing fast-twich myotome,(More)
We report the case of a congenital myasthenic syndrome due to a mutation in AGRN, the gene encoding agrin, an extracellular matrix molecule released by the nerve and critical for formation of the neuromuscular junction. Gene analysis identified a homozygous missense mutation, c.5125G>C, leading to the p.Gly1709Arg variant. The muscle-biopsy specimen showed(More)