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Mutations in the gene for guanylate cyclase-activating protein-1 (GCAP1) (GUCA1A) have been associated with autosomal dominant cone dystrophy (COD3). In the present study, a severe disease phenotype in a large white family was initially shown to map to chromosome 6p21.1, the location of GUCA1A. Subsequent single-stranded conformation polymorphism analysis(More)
Guanylate cyclase activating protein-1 (GCAP1) is required for activation of retinal guanylate cyclase-1 (RetGC1), which is essential for recovery of photoreceptor cells to the dark state. In this paper, experimentally derived observations are reported that help in explaining why a proline-->leucine mutation at position 50 of human GCAP1 results in cone-rod(More)
A range of cone and cone-rod dystrophies (CORD) have been observed in man, caused by mutations in retinal guanylate cyclase 1 (RetGC1) and guanylate cyclase activating protein 1 (GCAP 1). The CORD causing mutations in RetGC1 are located at a mutation "hot spot" within the dimerisation domain, where R838 is the key residue. Three disease causing mutations(More)
Many heterotrophic bacteria have the ability to make polyhedral structures containing metabolic enzymes that are bounded by a unilamellar protein shell (metabolosomes or enterosomes). These bacterial organelles contain enzymes associated with a specific metabolic process (e.g. 1,2-propanediol or ethanolamine utilization). We show that the 21 gene regulon(More)
Three different mutations in codon 838 of GUCY2D, the gene for retinal guanylate cyclase 1, have been linked to autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy at the CORD6 locus. To examine the relationship between enzyme activity and disease severity, the three disease-causing substitutions (R838C, R838H and R838S) and four artificial mutations (R838A, R838E, R838L(More)
This study investigates the functional consequences of two mutations, A194E and A216P, in the splicing factor gene PRPF31 linked to autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (RP11). Using a yeast complementation assay, we demonstrate that introduction of the human A216P mutation into the yeast orthologue PRP31p results in only partial rescue of growth at the(More)
The biosynthesis of many vitamins and coenzymes has often proven difficult to elucidate owing to a combination of low abundance and kinetic lability of the pathway intermediates. Through a serial reconstruction of the cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) pathway in Escherichia coli and by His tagging the terminal enzyme in the reaction sequence, we have observed that(More)
It has been known for the past 20 years that two pathways exist in nature for the de novo biosynthesis of the coenzyme form of vitamin B12, adenosylcobalamin, representing aerobic and anaerobic routes. In contrast to the aerobic pathway, the anaerobic route has remained enigmatic because many of its intermediates have proven technically challenging to(More)
Bacillus megaterium is a bacterium that has been used in the past for the industrial production of vitamin B12 (cobalamin), the anti-pernicious anaemia factor. Cobalamin is a modified tetrapyrrole with a cobalt ion coordinated within its macrocycle. More recently, B. megaterium has been developed as a host for the high-yield production of recombinant(More)
Cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) production in Bacillus megaterium has served as a model system for the systematic evaluation of single and multiple directed molecular and genetic optimization strategies. Plasmid and genome-based overexpression of genes involved in vitamin B(12) biosynthesis, including cbiX, sirA, modified hemA, the operons hemAXCDBL and(More)