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The lymphatic vasculature is critical for immunity and interstitial fluid homeostasis, playing important roles in diseases such as lymphedema and metastatic cancer. Animal models have been generated to explore the role of lymphatics and lymphangiogenic growth factors in such diseases, and to study lymphatic development. However, analysis of lymphatic(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, lupus) is a highly complex and heterogeneous autoimmune disease that most often afflicts women in their child-bearing years. It is characterized by circulating self-reactive antibodies that deposit in tissues, including skin, kidneys, and brain, and the ensuing inflammatory response can lead to irreparable tissue damage.(More)
Lyn-deficient mice develop Ab-mediated autoimmune disease resembling systemic lupus erythematosus where hyperactive B cells are major contributors to pathology. In this study, we show that an inflammatory environment is established in Lyn(-/-) mice that perturbs several immune cell compartments and drives autoimmune disease. Lyn(-/-) leukocytes, notably B(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling controls many aspects of cell behaviour and is implicated as a key regulator in tumour formation and progression. However, evaluating levels of active TGF-β in culture medium or patient plasma and gaining definitive information regarding the activity of downstream substrates such as Sma- and Mad-related(More)
Ab-mediated autoimmune disease is multifaceted and may involve many susceptibility loci. The majority of autoimmune patients are thought to have polymorphisms in a number of genes that interact in different combinations to contribute to disease pathogenesis. Studies in mice and humans have implicated the Lyn protein tyrosine kinase as a regulator of(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a subset of T lymphocytes that are responsible for suppressing the function of other immune cells, and preventing potentially harmful autoimmune responses. Studies in autoimmune-prone mice and human autoimmune diseases have shown reduced Treg number or function as a causative factor for the apparent loss of tolerance that(More)
Lyn-deficient (Lyn(-/-)) mice develop an age-dependent autoimmune disease similar to systemic lupus erythematosus, characterized by the production of IgG anti-nuclear Ab. To determine the extent to which this autoimmune phenotype is driven by T cell costimulation, we generated Lyn(-/-) mice expressing a soluble form of the T cell inhibitory molecule, CTLA4(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies against nuclear components. Lyn-deficient mice are an excellent animal model of SLE manifesting clinical, pathological and biochemical features seen in the human disease. They develop autoreactive antibodies, glomerulonephritis and show(More)
SHIP-1 has an important role in controlling immune cell function through its ability to downmodulate PI3K signaling pathways that regulate cell survival and responses to stimulation. Mice deficient in SHIP-1 display several chronic inflammatory phenotypes including antibody-mediated autoimmune disease, Crohn's disease-like ileitis and a lung disease(More)
Maintenance of an appropriate number of plasma cells, long-lived antibody-producing cells that are derived from B cells, is essential for maintaining immunological memory while limiting disease. Plasma cell survival relies on extrinsic factors, the limited availability of which determines the size of the plasma cell population. Mice deficient in the(More)