Evelyn Rodrigo

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Autoimmune liver diseases, such as autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and primary biliary cirrhosis, often have severe consequences for the patient. Because of a lack of appropriate animal models, not much is known about their potential viral etiology. Infection by liver-tropic viruses is one possibility for the breakdown of self-tolerance. Therefore, we infected(More)
Safe induction of autoantigen-specific long-term tolerance is the "holy grail" for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. In animal models of type 1 diabetes, oral or i.n. immunization with islet antigens induces Tregs that are capable of bystander suppression. However, such interventions are only effective early in the prediabetic phase. Here, we(More)
We report here that islet-specific expression of TNF-alpha can play a dual role in autoimmune diabetes, depending on its precise timing in relation to the ongoing autoimmune process. In a transgenic model (rat insulin promoter-lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus) of virally induced diabetes, TNF-alpha enhanced disease incidence when induced through an(More)
Viruses can cause but can also prevent autoimmune disease. This dualism has certainly hampered attempts to establish a causal relationship between viral infections and type 1 diabetes (T1D). To develop a better mechanistic understanding of how viruses can influence the development of autoimmune disease, we exposed prediabetic mice to various viral(More)
During inflammation, chemokines are conductors of lymphocyte trafficking. The chemokine CXCL10 is expressed early after virus infection. In a virus-induced mouse model for type 1 diabetes, CXCL10 blockade abrogated disease by interfering with trafficking of autoaggressive lymphocytes to the pancreas. We have generated transgenic rat insulin promotor(More)
CTLA-4 is considered one of the most potent negative regulators of T-cell activation. To circumvent experimental limitations due to fatal lymphoproliferative disease associated with genetic ablation of CTLA-4, we have used radiation chimeras reconstituted with a mixture of CTLA-4+/+ and CTLA-4-/- bone marrow that retain a normal phenotype and allow the(More)
Autoimmune diabetes is caused by selective loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells. The main factors directly implicated in beta-cell death are autoreactive, cytotoxic (islet-antigen specific) T-lymphocytes (CTL), and inflammatory cytokines. In this study, we have used an antigen-specific model of virally induced autoimmune diabetes to demonstrate(More)
The T-box transcription factor T-bet is known to control lineage commitment and interferon-gamma production by T helper 1 (Th1) CD4 lymphocytes. We report here that T-bet is essential for development of CD8 lymphocyte-dependent autoimmune diabetes (type 1 diabetes [T1D]) in the rat insulin promoter-lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) transgenic model(More)
CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can rapidly kill beta-cells and therefore contribute to the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). CTL-mediated beta-cell killing can occur via perforin-mediated lysis, Fas-Fas-L interaction, and the secretion of TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma. The secretion of IFN-gamma can contribute to beta-cell death directly by eliciting(More)
Administration of autoantigens through DNA immunizations or via the oral route can prevent progression of islet destruction and lower the incidence of type 1 diabetes in animal models. This beneficial effect is mediated by autoreactive regulatory CD4 lymphocytes, and it is known that their induction depends on the precise dose and route of antigen(More)