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La Crosse (LAC) virions purified by velocity and equilibrium gradient centrifugation contained three single-stranded RNA species. The three segments had sedimentation coefficients of 31S, 25S, and 12S by sodium dodecyl sulfate-sucrose gradient centrifugation. By comparison with other viral and cellular RNA species, the LAC viral RNAs had molecular weights(More)
Preparations of La Crosse virus, a member of the California encephalitis group of bunyaviruses, were found to possess three major virion proteins. Two of the proteins were glycosylated (G1 and G2) and were located on the surface of the virus particles. These two glycoproteins were present in equimolar amounts and possessed apparent molecular weights of 120(More)
Ultrastructural studies of glutaraldehyde-fixed viruses of the Bunyaviridae were performed by negative-stain electron microscopy. The surface structure of viruses of each genus was compared with that of the other genera and with Hantaan virus, the prototype of a proposed new genus of Bunyaviridae. Viruses of each genus had a surface structure distinct for(More)
A poxvirus isolated from the respiratory tract of raccoons in a forest and swamp area near Aberdeen, Maryland, was characterized by biological, serological, and biophysical methods. The virus was shown to be related to the vaccinia-variola subgroup by serological and biophysical methods, but measurably different from the other viruses of this group by(More)
Tick-borne fever (TBF) is caused by the rickettsia Anaplasma phagocytophilum (formerly Ehrlichia phagocytophila) and is a common disease in sheep in areas of Norway infested by Ixodes ricinus ticks. TBF can cause both direct and indirect losses to sheep kept on tick-infested pastures. In the present work we studied a sheep flock of 26 ewes and 50 lambs on(More)
Capsid, envelope, and nonvirion-associated soluble components of type 1 and type 2 herpes simplex virus (HSV) were obtained from infected monolayer cell cultures and used as complement fixation (CF) antigens. Capsids were prepared by treatment of cells with the nonionic detergent Nonidet-P40, envelope material by treatment of virions with ether and high pH,(More)
The humoral and cellular immune responses of rabbits and guinea pigs to the envelope-associated antigen of herpes simplex virus type I were studied. Neutralizing antibody (at high titer) and lymphocytes reactive to herpes simplex virus were detected in both guinea pigs and rabbits after immunization with the antigen. In a standard assay of cellular immunity(More)