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Sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) is a common detergent known to cause irritation and inflammatory reactions in skin. SLS is also the most commonly used toothpaste detergent and has been related to intraoral adverse effects. However, its specific biological effects on the oral mucosa (OM) have not yet been identified. The objective of this study was to(More)
Histopathological discordance with molecular phenotype of many human cancers poses clinically challenging tasks for accurate cancer diagnosis, which impacts on treatment strategy and patient outcome. Hence, an objective, accurate and quantitative method is needed. A quantitative Malignancy Index Diagnostic System (qMIDS) was developed based on 14 FOXM1(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that invasion of partially transformed keratinocytes is initiated by diffusible, proinvasive signals provided by species-specific fibroblasts. In vitro organotypic cultures of neoplastic human oral mucosa were constructed by growing a partially transformed, nontumorigenic keratinocytic cell line isolated from a dysplastic(More)
Khat-chewing has been associated with oral lesions including oral cancer, but the mechanisms leading to their development are not known. We hypothesized that khat interferes with the physiological processes of the oral mucosa, such as cell proliferation and differentiation, and aimed at investigating the effects of khat exposure on in vitro-reconstructed(More)
BACKGROUND Fusobacterium nucleatum, a commensal opportunistic oral bacterium, is capable of invading gingival epithelial cells, but the entrance into human primary oral fibroblast cells has not been documented. This study evaluated the ability of three strains of F. nucleatum (F. nucleatum ssp. nucleatum, F. nucleatum ssp. polymorphum, and F. nucleatum ssp.(More)
OBJECTIVE Fusobacterium nucleatum is an opportunistic pathogen with a key role in subgingival plaque formation and it is found in increased numbers in periodontally affected sites. This study aimed to investigate the potential of F. nucleatum to penetrate and induce alterations in an in vitro reconstructed human gingival mucosa model. METHODS(More)
Khat chewing is widely practiced in Eastern Africa and the Middle East. Khat is genotoxic to cells within the oral mucosa, and several studies have suggested an association between khat use and oral lesions like hyperkeratosis and oral cancer. This study investigated the mechanism of khat-induced cytotoxicity using primary normal human oral keratinocytes(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Sialorrhea is a frequent problem in ALS patients with bulbar symptoms, because of progressive weakness of oral, lingual and pharyngeal muscles. This prospective study aimed to investigate the putative effect of palliative single-dose radiotherapy on problematic sialorrhea in(More)
Khat is a psychostimulant plant used by over 10 million people daily, mainly in eastern Africa and the Middle East. Previous studies have suggested an association between khat use and oral lesions such as hyperkeratosis and oral cancer. This study investigated the effects of an extract of khat on primary normal human oral keratinocytes (NOK) and normal(More)
BACKGROUND Although basement membrane was traditionally considered an inert barrier that tumour cells had to cross before invasion into the surrounding stroma, recent studies suggest that basement membrane components are not only degraded during tumour progression, but also newly synthesised at the invasive front. OBJECTIVE This study aimed at evaluating(More)