Evelyn Griffin

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Both the risk and the rate of development of atherosclerosis are increased in diabetics, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. Here we report a glucose-mediated increase in CD36 mRNA translation efficiency that results in increased expression of the macrophage scavenger receptor CD36. Expression of CD36 was increased in endarterectomy lesions from(More)
The identification of a new class of potent and selective ROCK-II inhibitors is presented. Compound 5 (SR-3677) had an IC 50 of approximately 3 nM in enzyme and cell based assays and had an off-target hit rate of 1.4% against 353 kinases, and inhibited only 3 out of 70 nonkinase enzymes and receptors. Pharmacology studies showed that 5 was efficacious in(More)
Omnipotent suppressors decrease translational fidelity and cause misreading of nonsense codons. In the presence of the non-Mendelian factor [eta+], some alleles of previously isolated omnipotent suppressors are lethal. Thus the current search was conducted in an [eta+] strain in an effort to identify new suppressor loci. A new omnipotent suppressor, SUP39,(More)
BACKGROUND Group II introns are self-splicing RNAs that have mechanistic similarity to the spliceosome complex involved in messenger RNA splicing in eukaryotes. These autocatalytic molecules can be reconfigured into highly specific, multiple-turnover ribozymes that cleave oligonucleotides in trans. We set out to use a simplified system of this kind to study(More)
Inhibition of Rho kinase (ROCK) is an attractive strategy for the treatment of diseases such as hypertension, glaucoma, and cancer. Here we report chroman-3-amides as highly potent ROCK inhibitors with sufficient kinase selectivity, excellent cell activity, good microsomal stability, and desirable pharmacokinetic properties for study as potential(More)
ROCK has been implicated in many diseases ranging from glaucoma to spinal cord injury and is therefore an important target for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we have designed a series of 1-(4-(1H-indazol-5-yl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-hydroxy(or 2-amino) analogs and a series of 1-(4-(1H-indazol-5-yl amino)piperidin-1-yl)-2-hydroxy(or 2-amino) inhibitors(More)
Here, we describe the first example of a cell-based myosin light chain phosphorylation assay in 96-well format that allows for the rapid screening of novel Rho-kinase inhibitors. We obtained IC(50) values for the prototypic Rho-kinase inhibitors Y-27632 (1.2+/-0.05microM) and Fasudil (3.7+/-1.2microM) that were similar to those previously published(More)
Inhibitors of Rho kinase have been developed based on two distinct scaffolds, benzimidazoles, and benzoxazoles. SAR studies and efforts to optimize the initial lead compounds are described. Novel selective inhibitors of ROCK-II with excellent potency in both enzyme and cell-based assays were obtained. These inhibitors possess good microsomal stability, low(More)
Wheat gluten or flour from several plant sources heated at 210 degrees C for 1 hr produced 0-1800 revertant colonies/g in the Ames/Salmonella test using strain TA98 with metabolic activation. Baked or toasted foods and a heated grain beverage showed a mutagenic response in all cases from 2 to 320 revertants/g, with higher values seen when overcooked. Fried(More)
To investigate the formation of aromatic amine-like mutagenic activity in cooked grain foods, amino acids were heated alone or in binary combinations at either 150 or 210 degrees C. About half of the binary mixtures of arginine heated with other amino acids produced potent mutagenic responses in the Ames/Salmonella assay, but only cysteine produced(More)
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