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A human liver cDNA library was screened using a rat type 1 angiotensin II receptor cDNA coding sequence as a probe. cDNA clones were isolated which encoded a protein of 359 amino acids that shared 94.4% and 95.3% identify to rat and bovine type 1 angiotensin II receptors, respectively. Ligand binding studies of the cloned receptor expressed in COS cells(More)
The angiotensin II (AII) antagonist activity of (E)-alpha-[[2-butyl-1-[(4-carboxyphenyl)methyl]-1H-imidazol-5- yl]methylene]-2-thiophenepropanoic acid (SK&F 108566), was examined in a number of in vitro and in vivo assays. In rat and human adrenal cortical membranes, SK&F 108566 displaced specifically bound [125I]AII with IC50 of 9.2 and 3.9 nM,(More)
Membranes prepared from the medullary region of the porcine kidney displayed high affinity, high density (Kd, 0.12 nM; binding capacity, 127 fmol/mg protein) receptors for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Human CGRP (hCGRP), rat CGRP (rCGRP), and the hCGRP analog [hCGRP-(8-37)] competed for the binding of [125I]hCGRP, whereas salmon calcitonin (sCT)(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET) elevates intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) and increased [Ca2+]i has been associated with K+ efflux. Therefore, we investigated ET stimulation of K+ efflux in rat glioma C6-BU-1 cells. K+ efflux was measured by monitoring the release of 86Rb+ from cells pre-loaded with 86RbCl. ET stimulated 86Rb+ efflux with an EC50 of 5.9 nM. ET-stimulated(More)
Omnipotent suppressors decrease translational fidelity and cause misreading of nonsense codons. In the presence of the non-Mendelian factor [eta+], some alleles of previously isolated omnipotent suppressors are lethal. Thus the current search was conducted in an [eta+] strain in an effort to identify new suppressor loci. A new omnipotent suppressor, SUP39,(More)
The identification of a new class of potent and selective ROCK-II inhibitors is presented. Compound 5 (SR-3677) had an IC 50 of approximately 3 nM in enzyme and cell based assays and had an off-target hit rate of 1.4% against 353 kinases, and inhibited only 3 out of 70 nonkinase enzymes and receptors. Pharmacology studies showed that 5 was efficacious in(More)
Inhibition of Rho kinase (ROCK) is an attractive strategy for the treatment of diseases such as hypertension, glaucoma, and cancer. Here we report chroman-3-amides as highly potent ROCK inhibitors with sufficient kinase selectivity, excellent cell activity, good microsomal stability, and desirable pharmacokinetic properties for study as potential(More)
ROCK has been implicated in many diseases ranging from glaucoma to spinal cord injury and is therefore an important target for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we have designed a series of 1-(4-(1H-indazol-5-yl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-hydroxy(or 2-amino) analogs and a series of 1-(4-(1H-indazol-5-yl amino)piperidin-1-yl)-2-hydroxy(or 2-amino) inhibitors(More)
Inhibitors of Rho kinase have been developed based on two distinct scaffolds, benzimidazoles, and benzoxazoles. SAR studies and efforts to optimize the initial lead compounds are described. Novel selective inhibitors of ROCK-II with excellent potency in both enzyme and cell-based assays were obtained. These inhibitors possess good microsomal stability, low(More)
Here, we describe the first example of a cell-based myosin light chain phosphorylation assay in 96-well format that allows for the rapid screening of novel Rho-kinase inhibitors. We obtained IC(50) values for the prototypic Rho-kinase inhibitors Y-27632 (1.2+/-0.05microM) and Fasudil (3.7+/-1.2microM) that were similar to those previously published(More)