Evelyn E Griffin

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Human macrophages incubated for prolonged periods with mildly oxidized LDL (oxLDL) or cholesteryl ester-rich lipid dispersions (DISP) accumulate free and esterified cholesterol within large, swollen lysosomes similar to those in foam cells of atherosclerosis. The cholesteryl ester (CE) accumulation is, in part, the result of inhibition of lysosomal(More)
Macrophages incubated with mildly oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL), aggregated low density lipoprotein (AggLDL), or cholesteryl ester-rich lipid dispersions (DISPs) accumulate cholesterol in lysosomes followed by an inhibition of lysosomal cholesteryl ester (CE) hydrolysis. The variety of cholesterol-containing particles producing inhibition of(More)
Macrophage foam cells in atherosclerotic lesions accumulate substantial cholesterol stores within large, swollen lysosomes. Previous studies with mildly oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL)-treated THP-1 macrophages suggest an initial buildup of free cholesterol (FC), followed by an inhibition of lysosomal cholesteryl ester (CE) hydrolysis and a(More)
Mice deficient in scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) and apolipoprotein E (apoE) [double knockout (DKO) mice] develop dyslipidemia, accelerated atherosclerosis, and myocardial infarction, and die prematurely. We examined effects of apoE and SR-BI deficiency on macrophage cholesterol homeostasis. DKO macrophages had increased total cholesterol (TC)(More)
In late-stage atherosclerosis, much of the cholesterol in macrophage foam cells resides within enlarged lysosomes. Similarly, human macrophages incubated in vitro with modified LDLs contain significant amounts of lysosomal free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester (CE), which disrupts lysosomal function similar to macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions. The(More)
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