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The mitochondrial theory of aging predicts that functional alterations in mitochondria contribute to the aging process. Whereas this hypothesis implicates increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a driving force of the aging process, little is known about molecular mechanisms by which mitochondrial impairment might contribute to aging. Using(More)
Cellular senescence can be induced by a variety of mechanisms, and recent data suggest a key role for cytokine networks to maintain the senescent state. Here, we have used a proteomic LC-MS/MS approach to identify new extracellular regulators of senescence in human fibroblasts. We identified 26 extracellular proteins with significantly different abundance(More)
The free radical theory of aging proposes that ROS (reactive oxygen species) are major driving forces of aging, and are also critically involved in cellular senescence. Besides the mitochondrial respiratory chain, alternative sources of ROS have been described that might contribute to cellular senescence. Noxs (NADPH oxidases) are well-known sources of(More)
Replicative senescence of human fibroblasts is a widely used cellular model for human aging. While it is clear that telomere erosion contributes to the development of replicative senescence, it is assumed that additional factors contribute to the senescent phenotype. The free radical theory of aging suggests that oxidative damage is a major cause of aging;(More)
Alterations in mitochondrial function are believed to play a major role in aging processes in many species, including fungi and animals, and increased oxidative stress is considered a major consequence of altered mitochondrial function. In support of this theory, a lot of correlative evidence has been collected, suggesting that changes in mitochondrial DNA(More)
When mortal human cells reach their finite lifespan, they enter an irreversible G1 growth arrest status referred to as senescence. Growth suppression of senescent cells can be explained by the accumulation of several growth-suppressive proteins, acting on mitogenic signal transduction and cell cycle regulation, respectively. We show here that the cdk(More)
Oxygen kinetics in fibroblasts was biphasic. This was quantitatively explained by a major mitochondrial hyperbolic component in the low-oxygen range and a linear increase of rotenone- and antimycin A-inhibited oxygen consumption in the high-oxygen range. This suggests an increased production of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress at elevated,(More)
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