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The mitochondrial theory of aging predicts that functional alterations in mitochondria contribute to the aging process. Whereas this hypothesis implicates increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a driving force of the aging process, little is known about molecular mechanisms by which mitochondrial impairment might contribute to aging. Using(More)
The free radical theory of aging proposes that ROS (reactive oxygen species) are major driving forces of aging, and are also critically involved in cellular senescence. Besides the mitochondrial respiratory chain, alternative sources of ROS have been described that might contribute to cellular senescence. Noxs (NADPH oxidases) are well-known sources of(More)
Replicative senescence of human fibroblasts is a widely used cellular model for human aging. While it is clear that telomere erosion contributes to the development of replicative senescence, it is assumed that additional factors contribute to the senescent phenotype. The free radical theory of aging suggests that oxidative damage is a major cause of aging;(More)
Oxygen kinetics in fibroblasts was biphasic. This was quantitatively explained by a major mitochondrial hyperbolic component in the low-oxygen range and a linear increase of rotenone- and antimycin A-inhibited oxygen consumption in the high-oxygen range. This suggests an increased production of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress at elevated,(More)
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