Eveline Baumgart-Vogt

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Impaired neuronal migration and cell death are commonly observed in patients with peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBDs), and in mouse models of this diseases. In Pex11β-deficient mice, we observed that the deletion of a single allele of the Pex11β gene (Pex11β(+/-) heterozygous mice) caused cell death in primary neuronal cultures prepared from the(More)
Despite optimal therapy, the morbidity and mortality of patients presenting with an acute myocardial infarction (MI) remain significant, and the initial mechanistic trigger of myocardial "ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury" remains greatly unexplained. Here we show that factors released from the damaged cardiac tissue itself, in particular extracellular RNA(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a family of multifunctional antioxidant thioredoxin-dependent peroxidases that have been identified in a large variety of organisms. The major functions of Prxs comprise cellular protection against oxidative stress, modulation of intracellular signaling cascades that apply hydrogen peroxide as a second messenger molecule, and(More)
Delayed cerebellar development is a hallmark of Zellweger syndrome (ZS), a severe neonatal neurodegenerative disorder. ZS is caused by mutations in PEX genes, such as PEX13, which encodes a protein required for import of proteins into the peroxisome. The molecular basis of ZS pathogenesis is not known. We have created a conditional mouse mutant with(More)
Knockout mouse models allow preparation of primary neuronal cultures from distinct brain regions in order to investigate the underlying neuronal pathomechanisms of human metabolic diseases associated with severe, regionally distinct brain pathologies (e.g. Zellweger syndrome, the most severe form of a peroxisomal biogenesis disorder). However, homozygous(More)
Anatomy is a major basic subject in medicine and related biomedical sciences. A central tool most universities use for teaching anatomy is the "dissection course", in which medical students learn the basic constructional principles of the human body by dissecting a cadaver. In recent years, the relevance and value of the dissection laboratory have been(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting enzyme of heme degradation and provides cytoprotection against oxidative stress by its products carbon monoxide and biliverdin. More recently, HO-1 has also been shown to exert immunomodulatory functions via cell type-specific anti-inflammatory effects in myeloid/macrophage cells. In the(More)
Heme-binding protein 23 (HBP23), also termed peroxiredoxin (Prx) I, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) are distinct antioxidant stress proteins that are co-ordinately induced by oxidative stress. HBP23/Prx I has thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase activity with high binding affinity for the pro-oxidant heme, while HO-1 is the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting(More)
The vital importance of peroxisomal metabolism for regular function of the testis is stressed by the severe spermatogenesis defects induced by peroxisomal dysfunction. However, only sparse information is available on the role and enzyme composition of this organelle in distinct cell types of the testis. In the present study, we characterized the peroxisomal(More)
Peroxisomes are organelles with main functions in the metabolism of lipids and of reactive oxygen species. Within the testis, they have different functional profiles depending on the cell types. A dysfunction of peroxisomes interferes with regular spermatogenesis and can lead to infertility due to spermatogenic arrest. However, so far only very little is(More)