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Knockout mouse models allow preparation of primary neuronal cultures from distinct brain regions in order to investigate the underlying neuronal pathomechanisms of human metabolic diseases associated with severe, regionally distinct brain pathologies (e.g. Zellweger syndrome, the most severe form of a peroxisomal biogenesis disorder). However, homozygous(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a family of multifunctional antioxidant thioredoxin-dependent peroxidases that have been identified in a large variety of organisms. The major functions of Prxs comprise cellular protection against oxidative stress, modulation of intracellular signaling cascades that apply hydrogen peroxide as a second messenger molecule, and(More)
Despite optimal therapy, the morbidity and mortality of patients presenting with an acute myocardial infarction (MI) remain significant, and the initial mechanistic trigger of myocardial "ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury" remains greatly unexplained. Here we show that factors released from the damaged cardiac tissue itself, in particular extracellular RNA(More)
Peroxisomes are organelles with main functions in the metabolism of lipids and of reactive oxygen species. Within the testis, they have different functional profiles depending on the cell types. A dysfunction of peroxisomes interferes with regular spermatogenesis and can lead to infertility due to spermatogenic arrest. However, so far only very little is(More)
OBJECTIVE To use a proteomic approach to evaluate possible postinflammatory alterations in the protein composition of motile sperm in patients 3 months after acute epididymitis. DESIGN Prospective case-control study. SETTING University medical school research laboratory. PATIENT(S) Eight patients 3 months after acute unilateral epididymitis and 10(More)
Heme-binding protein 23 (HBP23), also termed peroxiredoxin (Prx) I, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) are distinct antioxidant stress proteins that are co-ordinately induced by oxidative stress. HBP23/Prx I has thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase activity with high binding affinity for the pro-oxidant heme, while HO-1 is the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting(More)
Peroxisomes are intimately involved in the metabolism of reactive oxygen species, in the synthesis of ether lipids and of polyunsaturated fatty acids as well as in the beta-oxidation of bioactive and toxic lipid derivatives. Therefore, the metabolic pathways of this organelle might play an important role in pulmonary biology by protection of inner pulmonary(More)
Only sparse information is available from the literature on the peroxisomal compartment and its enzyme composition in mouse and human lungs. Therefore, in the present investigation we have characterized peroxisomes in different cell types of adult mouse (C57BL/6J) and human lungs in a comprehensive study using a variety of light-, fluorescence- and electron(More)
Catalase and ABCD3 are frequently used as markers for the localization of peroxisomes in morphological experiments. Their abundance, however, is highly dependent on metabolic demands, reducing the validity of analyses of peroxisomal abundance and distribution based solely on these proteins. We therefore attempted to find a protein which can be used as an(More)
Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are metalloenzymes that belong to the essential antioxidant enzyme systems of virtually all oxygen-respiring organisms. SODs catalyze the dismutation of highly reactive superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen. For the subcellular localization of the manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) in eukaryotic(More)