Eveline Baumgart-Vogt

Learn More
Knockout mouse models allow preparation of primary neuronal cultures from distinct brain regions in order to investigate the underlying neuronal pathomechanisms of human metabolic diseases associated with severe, regionally distinct brain pathologies (e.g. Zellweger syndrome, the most severe form of a peroxisomal biogenesis disorder). However, homozygous(More)
Patients with mild forms of peroxisomal biogenesis disorders show facial dysmorphism and exhibit dentition problems accompanied by enamel hypoplasia. However, no information is available on the role of peroxisomes in dental and paradontal tissues. Therefore, we studied the distribution of these organelles, their protein composition and the expression of(More)
The study of slowly progressing brain diseases in which glial cells play a pathogenic role requires astrocytes that have been cultured for several weeks. We characterized neocortical astrocytes, grown for up to 42 days in vitro (DIV), from newborn rats and mice by indirect immunofluorescence technique, Western blot, and real-time RT-PCR analyses. We(More)
Catalase and ABCD3 are frequently used as markers for the localization of peroxisomes in morphological experiments. Their abundance, however, is highly dependent on metabolic demands, reducing the validity of analyses of peroxisomal abundance and distribution based solely on these proteins. We therefore attempted to find a protein which can be used as an(More)
In peroxisomal biogenesis disorders, serious neurological abnormalities can be observed in the patients and the respective knockout mouse models. As a prerequisite for a better understanding of the relationship between the absence of peroxisomes and the observed neuropathology, knowledge of the regional and cell-type specific distribution of peroxisomal(More)
Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are metalloenzymes that belong to the essential antioxidant enzyme systems of virtually all oxygen-respiring organisms. SODs catalyze the dismutation of highly reactive superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen. For the subcellular localization of the manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) in eukaryotic(More)
Delayed cerebellar development is a hallmark of Zellweger syndrome (ZS), a severe neonatal neurodegenerative disorder. ZS is caused by mutations in PEX genes, such as PEX13, which encodes a protein required for import of proteins into the peroxisome. The molecular basis of ZS pathogenesis is not known. We have created a conditional mouse mutant with(More)
Cre-mediated excision of loxP sites is widely used in mice to manipulate gene function in a tissue-specific manner. To analyze phenotypic alterations related to Cre-expression, we have used AMH-Cre-transgenic mice as a model system. Different Cre expression levels were obtained by investigation of C57BL/6J wild type as well as heterozygous and homozygous(More)
The pathomechanism of peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBDs), a group of inherited autosomal recessive diseases with mutations of peroxin (PEX) genes, is not yet fully understood. Therefore, several knockout models, e.g., the PEX5 knockout mouse, have been generated exhibiting a complete loss of peroxisomal function. In this study, we wanted to knockdown(More)
Impaired neuronal migration and cell death are commonly observed in patients with peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBDs), and in mouse models of this diseases. In Pex11β-deficient mice, we observed that the deletion of a single allele of the Pex11β gene (Pex11β(+/-) heterozygous mice) caused cell death in primary neuronal cultures prepared from the(More)