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Knockout mouse models allow preparation of primary neuronal cultures from distinct brain regions in order to investigate the underlying neuronal pathomechanisms of human metabolic diseases associated with severe, regionally distinct brain pathologies (e.g. Zellweger syndrome, the most severe form of a peroxisomal biogenesis disorder). However, homozygous(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a family of multifunctional antioxidant thioredoxin-dependent peroxidases that have been identified in a large variety of organisms. The major functions of Prxs comprise cellular protection against oxidative stress, modulation of intracellular signaling cascades that apply hydrogen peroxide as a second messenger molecule, and(More)
Despite optimal therapy, the morbidity and mortality of patients presenting with an acute myocardial infarction (MI) remain significant, and the initial mechanistic trigger of myocardial "ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury" remains greatly unexplained. Here we show that factors released from the damaged cardiac tissue itself, in particular extracellular RNA(More)
Peroxisomes are organelles with main functions in the metabolism of lipids and of reactive oxygen species. Within the testis, they have different functional profiles depending on the cell types. A dysfunction of peroxisomes interferes with regular spermatogenesis and can lead to infertility due to spermatogenic arrest. However, so far only very little is(More)
OBJECTIVE To use a proteomic approach to evaluate possible postinflammatory alterations in the protein composition of motile sperm in patients 3 months after acute epididymitis. DESIGN Prospective case-control study. SETTING University medical school research laboratory. PATIENT(S) Eight patients 3 months after acute unilateral epididymitis and 10(More)
Heme-binding protein 23 (HBP23), also termed peroxiredoxin (Prx) I, and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) are distinct antioxidant stress proteins that are co-ordinately induced by oxidative stress. HBP23/Prx I has thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase activity with high binding affinity for the pro-oxidant heme, while HO-1 is the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting(More)
Peroxisomes are intimately involved in the metabolism of reactive oxygen species, in the synthesis of ether lipids and of polyunsaturated fatty acids as well as in the beta-oxidation of bioactive and toxic lipid derivatives. Therefore, the metabolic pathways of this organelle might play an important role in pulmonary biology by protection of inner pulmonary(More)
Only sparse information is available from the literature on the peroxisomal compartment and its enzyme composition in mouse and human lungs. Therefore, in the present investigation we have characterized peroxisomes in different cell types of adult mouse (C57BL/6J) and human lungs in a comprehensive study using a variety of light-, fluorescence- and electron(More)
Patients with mild forms of peroxisomal biogenesis disorders show facial dysmorphism and exhibit dentition problems accompanied by enamel hypoplasia. However, no information is available on the role of peroxisomes in dental and paradontal tissues. Therefore, we studied the distribution of these organelles, their protein composition and the expression of(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating disease, and its pathogenic mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Peroxisomes are known to be important in ROS and proinflammatory lipid degradation, and their deficiency induces liver fibrosis. However, altered peroxisome functions in IPF pathogenesis have never been investigated. By comparing(More)