Evelien van Valen

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BACKGROUND The results of studies of the association between awareness and clinical correlates in patients with dementia are inconclusive. The aims of this study were to investigate whether awareness changed during the course of dementia and to determine whether awareness was associated with certain behavioral symptoms. Specifically, it was hypothesized(More)
This article provides a review of the literature on clinical correlates of awareness in dementia. Most inconsistencies were found with regard to an association between depression and higher levels of awareness. Dysthymia, but not major depression, is probably related to higher levels of awareness. Anxiety also appears to be related to higher levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Major depressive disorder (MDD) is projected to rank second on a list of 15 major diseases in terms of burden in 2030. The major contribution of MDD to disability and health care costs is largely due to its highly recurrent nature. Accordingly, efforts to reduce the disabling effects of this chronic condition should shift to preventing(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term exposure to organic solvents may lead to chronic solvent induced encephalopathy (CSE) in painters. In combination with reduction of exposure, a workers' health surveillance programme was developed, resulting in a three-stage CSE screening procedure for early neurobehavioural changes possibly predicting chronic health effects. The(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of patients with depressive disorders are treated by general practitioners (GPs) and are prescribed antidepressant medication. Patients prefer psychological treatments but they are under-used, mainly due to time constraints and limited accessibility. A promising approach to deliver psychological treatment is blended care, i.e. guided(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide millions of workers are exposed to organic solvents. Long term exposure leads in some workers to the development of Chronic Solvent induced Encephalopathy (CSE). The first reports about CSE came from the European Nordic countries in the 1970s. In spite of decades of experience with this disease, little is known about the course and(More)
INTRODUCTION The presence of neuropsychological impairment is a hallmark of chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy (CSE), and using clinical neuropsychological procedures to generate a valid assessment of the condition is crucial for its diagnosis. The goals of this consensus document are to provide updated knowledge of the neuropsychological(More)
Exposure to different toxic substances can have acute and chronic neurological and neuropsychiatric health effects on humans. Patients often report impaired concentration and memory, irritability, fatigue, instability of affect and difficulties in impulse control. The diagnostic process for neurotoxic diseases is complex and relies heavily on the exclusion(More)
For the diagnosis of patients suspected of chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy (CSE), it would be helpful if the applied cognitive tests show a characteristic profile of impairment in this disease. We investigated the existence of such a profile. In 1997-2006 two expert teams in The Netherlands systematically examined 2370 patients referred for(More)
Since 1997 more than 3,000 patients have been referred to one of the two Dutch Solvent Teams with health problems that may have been caused by long-term occupational exposure to organic solvents. A diagnosis of 'chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy' was made in approximately 500 patients. The diagnostics of this disease is based on five elements: (a)(More)