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As population ages, a growing number of older patients present the constellation of diabetes and dementia. Numerous recent studies highlight that diabetes may increase the risk for Alzheimer and vascular dementia. Among patients with previous severe hypoglycemia, that risk may even double. Inversely demented patients have about three times higher risk of(More)
In gram-negative bacteria, the outer membrane lipopolysaccharide is the main component triggering cytokine release from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In gram-positive bacteria, purified walls also induce cytokine release, but stimulation requires 100 times more material. Gram-positive walls are complex megamolecules reassembling distinct(More)
We investigated prospectively 9 adult patients with the syndrome of jaundice complicating severe extrahepatic infection both clinically and by quantitative liver function tests. Five patients having severe extrahepatic infection without jaundice were used for comparison. Intraperitoneal infection was found to be a major risk factor for development of(More)
Digoxin intoxication results in predominantly digestive, cardiac and neurological symptoms. This case is outstanding in that the intoxication occurred in a nonagenarian and induced severe, extensively documented visual symptoms as well as dysphagia and proprioceptive illusions. Moreover, it went undiagnosed for a whole month despite close medical follow-up,(More)
An acute depletion of plasma fibronectin or FN has been observed in critically ill, surgical, or trauma patients, but there is little information on the relationships between FN levels and the final outcome in such cases, and on the simultaneous behaviour of other serum proteins. The daily values of FN, antithrombin III, IgG, C3, prealbumin, and transferrin(More)
2012 brought additional evidence regarding the benefits of exercise in older persons in showing morbidity compression in those most active. Several studies invite to revise therapeutic targets in older diabetics, especially those with cognitive impairment or dementia where a value of 8 to 9% for HbAlc might be a good compromise. On the dementia side, a(More)
Plasma fibronectin has been postulated to be an essential mediator of normal reticuloendothelial system (RES) function. The acute depletion of fibronectin is thought to impair RES function, whereas its repletion in states of deficiency has been reported to improve RES function. In vitro studies have documented fibronectin's ability to bind to some(More)
Hospitalization in older patients is frequently associated with functional decline. Hospital factors and inadapted process of care are factors leading to this decline. Acute care units specifically developed for older patients can prevent functional decline. These units usually include a comprehensive geriatric evaluation, an interdisciplinary meeting,(More)