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Three-dimensional (3D) organotypic models are increasingly used to study the aspects of epidermal organisation and cutaneous wound-healing events. However, these are largely dependent on laborious histological analysis and immunohistochemical approaches. Despite the large resource of transgenic and knockout mice harboring mutations relevant to skin(More)
BACKGROUND Liver cell lines closely resembling primary hepatocyte are essential for research on hepatitis viruses and hepatocyte function. Currently used cell lines are derived from hepatic tumours and have altered gene expression. AIMS The generation and characterisation of novel human hepatocyte lines (HHLs) derived from healthy human liver, retaining(More)
Hair follicles facilitate the study of stem cell behavior because stem cells in progressive activation stages, ordered within the follicle architecture, are capable of cyclic regeneration. To study the gene network governing the homeostasis of hair bulge stem cells, we developed a Keratin 15-driven genetic model to directly perturb molecular signaling in(More)
Hair follicles (HFs) are regenerative miniorgans that offer a highly informative model system to study the regulatory mechanisms of hair follicle stem cells (hfSCs) homeostasis and differentiation. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling is key in both of these processes, governing hfSCs quiescence in the bulge and differentiation of matrix progenitors.(More)
The hair follicle (HF) is an exceptional mini-organ to study the mechanisms which regulate HF morphogenesis, cycling, hair follicle stem cell (hfSCs) homeostasis, and progeny differentiation. During morphogenesis, Wnt signaling is well-characterized in the initiation of HF patterning but less is known about which particular Wnt ligands are required and(More)
Slow cycling is a common feature shared among several stem cells (SCs) identified in adult tissues including hair follicle and cornea. Recently, existence of unipotent SCs in basal and lumenal layers of sweat gland (SG) has been described and label retaining cells (LRCs) have also been localized in SGs; however, whether these LRCs possess SCs characteristic(More)
Regulation of adult stem cells (SCs) is fundamental for organ maintenance and tissue regeneration. On the body surface, different ectodermal organs exhibit distinctive modes of regeneration and the dynamics of their SC homeostasis remain to be unraveled. A slow cycling characteristic has been used to identify SCs in hair follicles and sweat glands; however,(More)
Adult stem cells (SCs) are important to maintain homeostasis of tissues including several mini-organs like hair follicles and sweat glands. However, the existence of stem cells in minor salivary glands (SGs) is largely unexplored. In vivo histone2B green fluorescent protein pulse chase strategy has allowed us to identify slow-cycling, label-retaining cells(More)
The control principles behind robust cyclic regeneration of hair follicles (HFs) remain unclear. Using multi-scale modeling, we show that coupling inhibitors and activators with physical growth of HFs is sufficient to drive periodicity and excitability of hair regeneration. Model simulations and experimental data reveal that mouse skin behaves as a(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) organotypic models are increasingly being used to study aspects of epidermal organisation and cutaneous wound-healing events. These are largely dependent on laborious histological analysis and immunohistochemical approaches. Here we outline a method for establishment of a versatile in vitro 3D organotypic skin equivalent that reflects(More)