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A comparison has been made of cyclopropene (CP), 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), and 3,3-dimethyl-cyclopropene (3,3-DMCP) in their ability to protect plants against ethylene. In bananas, both CP and 1-MCP are effective around 0.5 nL L−1, and 3,3-DMCP was effective at 1 μL L−1. Bananas treated with CP and 1-MCP again become sensitive to ethylene at 12 days and(More)
1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), formerly designated as Sis-X, has been shown to be an effective inhibitor of ethylene responses in carnation flowers in either the light or the dark. The binding appears to be to the receptor and to be “permanent”. A 6 h treatment at 2.5 nl l−1 is sufficient to protect against ethylene, and 0.5 nl l−1 is sufficient if exposure(More)
Low-temperature, nonfreezing, storage induces pitting and necrosis in the flavedo tissue of chilling susceptible citrus fruits. In this study the role of ethylene and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC 4.3.1.5) in the cold-induced citrus peel damage has been investigated. It has been shown that increasing PAL activity by applying ethylene at a nonchilling(More)
The enzyme which converts 1-aminocyclo-propane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) into ethylene, ACC oxidase, has been isolated from apple fruits (Malus x domestica Borkh. cv. Golden Delicious), and for the first time stabilized in vitro by 1,10-phenanthroline and purified 170-fold to homogeneity in a five-step procedure. The sodium dodecyl sulfate-denatured and(More)
Electropermeabilized tobacco mesophyll protoplasts are shown to fuse by creating cell contact several minutes after electropulsation. Electropermeabilization was analysed by measuring calcein uptake. Experiments were performed at low temperature to avoid resealing of protoplast transient permeation structures. These results confirm that the long-lived(More)
3-Methylcyclopropene (3-MCP) binds to the ethylene receptor and blocks it for several days, but concentrationswise is less effective than 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). In diverse ethylene-responsive systems, including ripening of mature-green bananas (Musa sapientum L.), inhibition of growth in etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L.) seedlings, abscission of(More)
The effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at three different doses (0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 microL L(-1)) on the ripening processes of a climacteric, cv. Santa Rosa, and a suppressed climacteric type, cv. Golden Japan, plum was studied. For both cultivars, positive effects were observed in terms of inhibition of ethylene production and delays of the physical,(More)
BACKGROUND Some European pear varieties treated with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) often remain 'evergreen', meaning that their ripening process is blocked and does not resume after removal from cold storage. In this work this was confirmed also to be the case in 'Conference' pears. To reverse the blockage of ripening 1-MCP treatments combined with external(More)
BACKGROUND 'Diffuse skin browning' (DSB) is a physiological disorder that affects Golden Delicious apples treated with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). Although a very high incidence is found, very little is known about the etiology of this disorder. This study aims to provide an understanding of the causes of this disorder and prevent it. RESULTS A very(More)
Alternatives are needed for long-term preservation of European pears (Pyrus communis L.) after the ban on diphenylamine. "Rocha" pear fruit harvested at commercial maturity were treated with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-methylcyclopropene, SmartFresh™) and diphenylamine and stored at 0 ℃, 90-95% relative humidity, under normal atmosphere for up to six months or(More)