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We have previously demonstrated that STAT-1 plays a critical role in promoting apoptotic cell death in cardiac myocytes following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major constituent of green tea, has recently been reported to inhibit STAT-1 activity in noncardiac cells. In the present study, we have assessed the(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial hibernation is an adaptive phenomenon occurring in patients with a history of acute ischemia followed by prolonged hypoperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated, in isolated rabbit heart, whether a brief episode of global ischemia followed by hypoperfusion maintains viability. Four groups were studied; group 1,300 minutes of(More)
AIMS Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) regulate matrix remodelling in the heart and play a pivotal role in myocardial dysfunction immediately following ischaemia-reperfusion injury ex vivo in rats. We investigated the changes in MMPs and TIMPs in acute myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury in humans. (More)
BACKGROUND Urocortin is a novel cardioprotective agent that can protect cardiac myocytes from the damaging effects of ischemia/reperfusion both in culture and in the intact heart and is effective when given at reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We have analyzed global changes in gene expression in cardiac myocytes after urocortin treatment using gene chip(More)
We investigated whether 30 days of oral supplementation with a special mixture of amino acids (AAs), together with conventional therapy, could improve exercise capacity in elderly outpatients with chronic heart failure (CHF). A group of 95 outpatients (12 women and 83 men; New York Heart Association class II-III) aged 65-74 years were studied. This was a(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors exert some cardiovascular benefits by improving endothelial function. We evaluated the effects of chronic treatment with quinapril (Q) on the l -arginine/nitric oxide (NO) pathway in normotensive rats under baseline and inflammatory conditions. The role of bradykinin was also investigated. The animals received(More)
Cells subjected to increases in temperature induce the expression of several proteins known as heat shock or stress proteins. This process enhances the cell's ability to overcome the effects of further stress. In this respect, the effects of heat stress have been reported to protect the hearts of rats following ischaemia and reperfusion. We have confirmed(More)
AIMS To evaluate the relationship of skeletal and respiratory muscular dysfunction with the degree of clinical severity, cardiac impairment and exercise intolerance in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Ninety-one patients (age 52.7+/-8 years) on standard therapy and in a stable clinical condition with normal nutritional status(More)
Reperfusion of isolated rabbit heart after 60 min of ischaemia resulted in poor recovery of mechanical function, release of reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), reduction of tissue GSH/GSSG ratio and shift of cellular thiol redox state toward oxidation, suggesting the occurrence of oxidative stress. Pretreatment of the isolated heart with(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Data obtained from muscle biopsies have demonstrated altered insulin signaling (IS) in patients with MetS. The IS regulates critical cell functions including molecular-regulated cellular metabolite fluxes, protein and energetic metabolism, cell(More)