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PURPOSE Single-agent gemcitabine became standard first-line treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer after demonstration of superiority compared with fluorouracil. The Gruppo Italiano Pancreas 1 randomized phase III trial aimed to compare gemcitabine plus cisplatin versus gemcitabine alone (ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT00813696). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients(More)
PURPOSE We performed this phase III study to compare the irinotecan, leucovorin (LV), and fluorouracil (FU) regimen (FOLFIRI) versus the oxaliplatin, LV, and FU regimen (FOLFOX4) in previously untreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 360 chemotherapy-naive patients were randomly assigned to receive, every 2(More)
BACKGROUND A prospective, randomized Phase III trial was performed to determine whether, compared with gemcitabine (GEM) alone, the addition of cisplatin (CDDP) to GEM was able to improve the time to disease progression and the clinical benefit rate in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The objective response rate, overall survival rate, and(More)
Aberrant promoter methylation of several known or putative tumor suppressor genes occurs frequently during carcinogenesis, and this epigenetic change has been considered as a potential molecular marker for cancer. We examined the methylation status of nine genes (APC, CDH1, CTNNB1, TIMP3, ESR1, GSTP1, MGMT, THBS1, and TMS1), by quantitative methylation(More)
BACKGROUND Data are limited regarding bone metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC). The objective of this study was to survey the natural history of bone metastasis in CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS This retrospective, multicenter, observational study of 264 patients with CRC involving bone examined cancer treatments, bone metastases characteristics,(More)
BACKGROUND Docetaxel (DCT), a semisynthetic taxoid, has demonstrated cytotoxic activity against gastric cancer in early phase II studies producing an overall response rate of 17-24%. The Gruppo Oncologico Italia Meridionale (G.O.I.M.) started a confirmatory multicenter phase II trial to evaluate the clinical activity and toxicity of single agent TXT in the(More)
MicroRNAs are non-coding RNAs that can block mRNA translation and influence mRNA stability. Recent evidence indicates that miRNA variations can affect drug resistance, efficacy, and metabolism, opening new avenues of pharmacogenomics research. We investigated associations between polymorphisms in both miRNA-containing genomic regions (primary and precursor(More)
BACKGROUND Bone metastasis represents an increasing clinical problem in advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as disease-related survival improves. There are few data on the natural history of bone disease in RCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data on clinicopathology, survival, skeletal-related events (SREs), and bone-directed therapies for 398 deceased RCC(More)
BRAF codon 600 mutation testing of melanoma patients is mandatory for the choice of the most appropriate therapy in the clinical setting. Competitive allele specific TaqMan PCR (Cast-PCR) technology allows not only the selective amplification of minor alleles, but it also blocks the amplification of non-mutant allele. We genotyped codon 600 of the BRAF gene(More)